Personality Correlates of Marxist and Nonviolent Political Activists

Date
2014-09-26
Authors
Spalding, Barbara
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University of Hawaii at Manoa
Abstract
Four personality inventories were given to political activists separated into two groups, one pacifist and one Marxist, by their scores on a pacifism scale and by a self-reporting measure of political ideology. The inventories were tests of Complexity of Self-Concept, Locus of Control, and 2 factors of the 16 Personality Factor Test, ego & superego. All of these tests differentiated the two groups with the pacifists scoring more complex self-concepts, more internally oriented, more emotional stability and more superego control. Comparisons between these activists & student activists of the 60's showed them to have few demographic similarities. Possible biases could have occurred due to the small sample size and on questions pertaining to relationship with parents on the locus of control scale.
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