Larval Characteristics and Generic Placement of Endemic Hawaiian Hemerobiids (Neuroptera)

Tauber, Catherine A.
Krakauer, Alan H.
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University of Hawaii Press
The brown lacewings (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae) have undergone a spectacular radiation on the Hawaiian Archipelago; currently 23 endemic micromine species are recognized, 19 of which were described by Perkins and four by Zimmerman. Recent systematics studies, using adult morphological characteristics, placed these lacewings in the cosmopolitan genus Micromus. Two of the Hawaiian species (Micromus vagus [from Hawai'i and Maui] and M. rubrinervis [from Hawai'i)) exhibit larval characteristics indicating a close relationship with Micromus. Both species have more larval traits in common with Micromus than with other hemerobiid genera. However, until larvae from the three other genera in Microminae become available, it is not possible to designate whether any of these larval traits are synapomorphic for Micromus. The results also indicate that phylogenetic analyses of the Hemerobiidae should include all instars and that interspecific comparisons should be made on equivalent semaphoronts.
Tauber CA, Krakauer AH. 1997. Larval characteristics and generic placement of endemic Hawaiian Hemerobiids (Neuroptera). Pac Sci 51(4): 413-423.
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