Factors Relating To The Development Of Education For The Blind

Imada, Katherine
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University of Hawaii at Manoa
Education of the blind has arisen from a gradual evolution of man's changing attitude towards the physically handicapped, the growing responsibility and achievements of the blind themselves, the development of a written means of communication, and the changing needs of society. Early suspicions and fears toward the blind have been manifest since ancient times. Although the pity and charity characteristic of a later period are still somewhat prevalent today, a revolutionary milestone is finally being realized as the blind integrate with society--in aspects of occupation, social mobility, politics, and education. Education of the blind symbolizes the achievement of a most important belief and objective: that one consider the whole person and his individual needs to develop his fullest potentialities, thereby enabling him to fulfill his role as a contributing member of society. Trends in international education and cooperation reflect the needs and aspirations of the blind to improve their standards of living and to encourage social and legislative action which would integrate the blind in the general community.
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