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ItemMultivariate analysis of parity progression-based measures of the total fertility rate and its components using individual-level data(East-West Center, 2008-10)This paper develops multivariate methods for analyzing (1) effects of socioeconomic variables on the total fertility rate and its components and (2) effects of socioeconomic variables on the trend in the total fertility rate and its components. For the multivariate methods to be applicable, the total fertility rate must be calculated from parity progression ratios (PPRs), pertaining in this paper to transitions from birth to first marriage, first marriage to first birth, first birth to second birth, and so on. The components of the TFR include PPRs, the total marital fertility rate (TMFR), and the TFR itself as measures of the quantum of fertility, and mean and median ages at first marriage and mean and median closed birth intervals by birth order as measures of the tempo or timing of fertility. The multivariate methods are applicable to both period measures and cohort measures of these quantities. The methods are illustrated by application to data from the 1993, 1998, and 2003 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the Philippines.
ItemPopulation policies and programs in East Asia(Honolulu: East-West Center, 2001)The papers in this volume examine the population policies in six East Asian economies as part of a larger project examining the links between population change and economic development in the most dynamic region in the world. The economies had varied approaches to population policy, but all achieved unusually fast fertility decline. Rapid social and economic development played a primary role in determining birth rates, but effective intervention by the state accelerated the transition to low fertility levels. A second volume, Population Change and Economic Development in East Asia: Challenges Met, Opportunities Seized, forthcoming from Stanford University Press, examines the economic consequences of population change in East Asia. Support for this project was provided by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Rockefeller Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the World Bank, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of Japan. Support from USAID and MOFA was provided as part of the Common Agenda for Cooperation in Global Perspectives.