An Examination of Chronology, Ethnic Group, and Social Ranking Based on Mortuary Data from Central Korea

Kang, Bong Won
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University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu)
Archaeological excavations conducted in 1997–1998 at the Hageori site in central Korea uncovered a total of 63 burials. The range of dates for the burials varies widely. Mortuary analysis was conducted on 24 burials thought to date sometime between the fifth and seventh century a.d. According to the archaeological data, mortuary practices at the site changed through time from multiple burials (in a sidepassage stone-chamber tomb) to single burials. This article describes the mortuary practices at the site and attempts to explain how and why they changed over time. Using archaeological data and a literature review, the ethnic group of the tomb builders is inferred. In addition, attention is given to examining the relationship between energy expenditure and social stratification based on stylistic variation of the burials discovered at the site.
Korea, archaeology, mortuary practices, chronology, ethnic group, social stratification
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