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Introduction and Distributional Expansion of Trechus obtusus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Maui, Hawai'i

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Title:Introduction and Distributional Expansion of Trechus obtusus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Maui, Hawai'i
Authors:Liebherr, James K.
Takumi, Raina
Date Issued:Oct 2002
Publisher:University of Hawai'i Press
Citation:Liebherr JK, Takumi R. 2002. Introduction and distributional expansion of Trechus obtusus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Maui, Hawai'i. Pac Sci 56(4): 365-375.
Abstract:Trechus obtusus Erichson (tribe Trechini), native to Europe and North
Africa and introduced to the Pacific coast of North America, is recorded for the
first time from East Maui Island, Hawai'i, based on collections made at Haleakala
National Park in September 1998. The species subsequently expanded its
distribution to include Polipoli Springs State Recreation Area, East Maw. Range
expansion has averaged 3 km per year, based on documented absence of T. obtusus
from the Polipoli Springs area in 1998. All Hawaiian individuals are macropterous,
even though European and North American populations of T. obtusus
are dimorphic for wing configuration, with the brachypterous form most common
in long-established populations. The source area for the Hawaiian invasion
is hypothesized to be Oregon or the San Francisco Bay area, based on the
closest match in the frequency of macroptery between specimens from Hawai'i
and those from those mainland areas. Monomorphic macroptery of the Hawaiian
populations suggests that the founder population was small, with estimates
ranging from as few as 6 individuals to as many as 25, assuming the founding
propagule was drawn at random from populations in the western United States.
Baseline abundance data are presented for Polipoli Springs State Recreation
Area, where T. obtusus co-occurs with seven native Mecyclothorax species (tribe
Psydrini), establishing the opportunity for long-term assessment of the impact
of the introduced species on the sympatric native fauna. Means to identify T.
obtusus in the context of the Hawaiian carabid beetle fauna are presented.
Appears in Collections: Pacific Science Volume 56, Number 4, 2002

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