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Invasion and recovery of vegetation after a volcanic eruption in Hawaii
|Title:||Invasion and recovery of vegetation after a volcanic eruption in Hawaii|
|Authors:||Smathers, Garrett A.|
|LC Subject Headings:||Revegetation -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.|
Plants -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.
Plant ecology -- Hawaii -- Kilauea.
Plant succession -- Hawaii -- Kilauea.
Plants -- Hawaii -- Kilauea.
show 2 moreVolcanoes -- Environmental aspects -- Hawaii.
Kilauea Volcano (Hawaii)
|Issue Date:||Sep 1972|
|Publisher:||Island Ecosystems IRP, U.S. International Biological Program|
|Citation:||Smathers GA, Mueller-Dombois D. 1972. Invasion and recovery of vegetation after a volcanic eruption in Hawaii. Honolulu (HI): Island Ecosystems IRP, U.S. International Biological Program. International Biological Program Technical Report, 10.|
|Series/Report no.:||International Biological Program Technical Report|
|Abstract:||A major volcanic eruption on the Island of Hawaii in December 1959 devastated one existing montane rain- and seasonal-forest covering an area of about 500 ha. The eruption resulted in a massive pahoehoe lava substrate on the crater floor of Kilauea Iki, in a new cinder cone, in an area covered with spatter and another with an extensive blanket of pumice varying along a fallout gradient from over 46 m to less than 2 cm deep. Six new habitats were recognized by kinds of substrate and remains of former vegetation. A study was made of plant invasion and recovery from the time of the disturbance till nine years thereafter. Plant records consisted primarily of periodically listing species by cover abundance in a large number of quadrants along a transect system that crossed the crater floor and extended about 3 km along the fallout gradient. The atmospheric environment was studied concurrently by records of rainfall, lateral rain- and steam-interception and desiccating power. The substrates were examined for their soil moisture properties, temperatures, mineralogical properties and available plant nutrients.|
|Sponsor:||The project was financed in part by the National Park Service, Department of Interior, in part by NSF Grant GB 4686 to D. Mueller-Dombois, entitled "Ecology of vegetation on new volcanic materials," and in the later phases by NSF Grant GB 23230 to the Hawaii IBP/ISLAND ECOYSTEMS Integrated Research Program|
|Appears in Collections:||International Biological Program Technical Reports (1970-1975)|
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