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The Javanese language at risk? Perspectives from an East Java village

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dc.contributor.author Vander Klok, Jozina
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-28T02:39:59Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-28T02:39:59Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06
dc.identifier.citation Vander Klok, Jozina. 2019. The Javanese language at risk? Perspectives from an East Java village. Language Documentation & Conservation 13: 300-345.
dc.identifier.issn 1934-5275
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/24868
dc.description.abstract This paper assesses the language vitality of the Javanese variety spoken in Paciran, Lamongan, East Java, Indonesia using UNESCO’s nine factors as the core approach and the EGIDS framework for comparison. In this assessment, I show that it is crucial to take into account (i) the speech level distinction between ngoko ‘Low Javanese’ and krama/basa ‘High Javanese’, (ii) the urban-rural divide, and (iii) socio-political and economic factors relevant to Indonesia. Due to the necessary inclusion of these variables among other factors, I suggest that the EGIDS framework – while still useful – cannot capture the nuances of the linguistic vitality situation of Javanese varieties as well as the UNESCO nine factors approach can. Overall, the results suggest that ngoko is presently in a stable diglossic position with Indonesian, the national language, while krama is at risk of endangerment. In Paciran village, the shift away from krama is towards the local variety of ngoko, compared to Indonesian as the unmarked alternative in urban settings. While a stable result for ngoko as spoken in Paciran village is encouraging, utmost caution must be taken given that negative attitudes towards Javanese varieties have been reported in other rural settings in Java.
dc.description.sponsorship National Foreign Language Resource Center
dc.format.extent 46 pages
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.publisher University of Hawaii Press
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 United States
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/
dc.subject Javanese
dc.subject krama
dc.subject ngoko
dc.subject language vitality assessment
dc.subject endangerment
dc.title The Javanese language at risk? Perspectives from an East Java village
dc.type Article
dc.type.dcmi Text
prism.publicationname Language Documentation & Conservation
prism.volume 13
prism.startingpage 300
prism.endingpage 345
Appears in Collections: Volume 13 : Language Documentation & Conservation


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