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Review of the Fishes of the Genus Kuhlia (Perciformes: Kuhliidae) of the Central Pacific

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Title: Review of the Fishes of the Genus Kuhlia (Perciformes: Kuhliidae) of the Central Pacific
Authors: Randall, John E.
Randall, Helen A.
Issue Date: Jul 2001
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Randall JE, Randall HA. 2001. Review of the fishes of the genus Kuhlia (Perciformes: Kuhliidae) of the Central Pacific. Pac Sci 55(3): 227 - 256.
Abstract: Ten species offishes of the genus Kuhlia are recognized from Palau to
Hawai'i in the North Pacific and from Fiji to Easter Island in the South Pacific:
K malo (Valenciennes) from fresh water in the Society Islands; K marginata
(Cuvier) from fresh water in the western Pacific, east to Kosrae, Caroline
Islands, and Fiji; K mugil (Forster) (K taeniura is a synonym) from most of the
Indo-Pacific (not the Hawaiian Islands) and the tropical eastern Pacific;
K munda (De Vis) from fresh and brackish water in Fiji, Vanuatu, New Caledonia,
and Queensland (K proxima Kendall & Goldsborough and K bilunulata
Herre are synonyms); K nutabunda Kendall & Radcliffe from Easter Island; K
petiti Schultz from the Phoenix Islands, Malden Island, and the Marquesas
Islands (Dules taeniurus marquesensis Fowler is a synonym); K sandvicensis
(Steindachner) from the Hawaiian Islands and other islands of the central
Pacific; K rupestris (Lacepede) from fresh water from East Africa to Samoa
(K caerulescens Regan from the Solomon Islands is a new synonym); K saklea
Schultz from fresh water in the Samoa Islands; and K xenura (Jordan & Gilbert)
from the Hawaiian Islands, with a mistaken type locality of El Salvador, Central
America. The name K sandvicensis has long been used for the common endemic
species in the Hawaiian Islands; however, the original description leaves little
doubt that it should apply to the species widely distributed in the central Pacific
and only recently discovered in Hawai'i; it has usually been misidentified as
K marginata. The endemic Hawaiian species therefore takes the only available
name, K xenura (Jordan & Gilbert). Kuhlia sandvicensis differs from K xenura
in having a smaller eye (3.0-3.45 in head length, compared with 2.55-2.95 for
K xenura), straight dorsal profile of the head of adults (concave in xenura);
usually 14 pectoral-fin rays (usually 15 in xenura), usually 50 lateral-line scales
(usually 49 in xenura), gill rakers 38-43 (35-39 for xenura), and a dark reticular
pattern dorsally on the head in life.
Pages/Duration: 29 pages
ISSN: 0030-8870
Appears in Collections:Pacific Science Volume 55, Number 3, 2001

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