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Subsistence Harvest of Birds, Fruit Bats, and Other Game in American Samoa, 1990-1991

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dc.contributor.author Craig, Peter
dc.contributor.author Morrell, Tom E.
dc.contributor.author So'oto, Kiso
dc.date.accessioned 2008-08-20T01:49:42Z
dc.date.available 2008-08-20T01:49:42Z
dc.date.issued 1994-10
dc.identifier.citation Craig P, Morrell TE, So’oto K. 1994. Subsistence harvest of birds, fruit bats, and other game in American Samoa, 1990-1991. Pac Sci 48(4): 344-352.
dc.identifier.issn 0030-8870
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/2293
dc.description.abstract Terrestrial birds and large pteropodid fruit bats are hunted year-round for subsistence in American Samoa. To determine harvest levels, 13-18% of the hunters on the main island of Tutuila were interviewed at 3-month intervals in 1990-1991. A high opportunistic harvest occurred after extensive habitat damage caused by a hurricane in February 1990. Adjusting for this factor, we estimated an annual take of 2100-4200 Pacific pigeons (Ducula pacifica Gmelin), 500-1000 purple-capped fruit doves (Ptilinopus porphyraceus Temminck), 500-1600 fruit bats (Pteropus tonganus Quoy & Gaimard and P. samoensis Peale, species combined), and small numbers of other species. Even this adjusted harvest rate is extremely high compared with current population sizes of game animals, which are at low levels due to adverse impacts from three hurricanes in the past 5 yr and subsequent opportunistic hunting. For example, after the hurricane in 1990, more bats were harvested than remain alive today. Consequently, a 3-yr ban on all hunting was enacted, but the situation remains critical because hunting restrictions are neither well known nor enforced.
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.publisher University of Hawaii Press
dc.title Subsistence Harvest of Birds, Fruit Bats, and Other Game in American Samoa, 1990-1991
dc.type Article
dc.type.dcmi Text
Appears in Collections: Pacific Science Volume 48, Number 4, 1994


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