New Species of Rails (Aves: Rallidae) from an Archaeological Site on Huahine, Society Islands.

Date
2006-04
Authors
Kirchman, Jeremy J.
Steadman, David W.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press
Abstract
We examined 50 bones previously assigned to ‘‘Gallirallus new sp.’’ from the prehistoric (1,250 750 yr B.P.) Fa‘ahia archaeological site on Huahine, Society Islands. Most of these specimens ðn ¼ 47Þ, representing nearly all major cranial and postcranial skeletal elements, belong to a medium-sized flightless rail that we name Gallirallus storrsolsoni. Three femora represent a second species of extinct rail that we name Porphyrio mcnabi. With the description of these two species of rails, the total number of extinct species of land birds from the Fa‘ahia site stands at seven, consisting of two rails, two doves, two parrots, and a starling. Fa‘ahia also has yielded bones of six other species of land birds that no longer exist on Huahine but survive elsewhere in Oceania.
Description
v. ill. 23 cm.
Quarterly
Keywords
Citation
Kirchman JJ, Steadman DW. New Species of Rails (Aves: Rallidae) from an Archaeological Site on Huahine, Society Islands. Pac Sci 60(2): 281-298.
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