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Title: The Potential Environmental and Public Health Effects of Chemical Regeneration of Spent Granular Activated Carbon 
Author: Fukuda, Tracy K; Babcock, Roger W; Menon, Premlata
Date: 1999-01
Publisher: Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation: Fukuda T, Babcock RW, Menon P. 1999. The potential environmental and public health effects of chemical regeneration of spent granular activated carbon. Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC-99-04.
Abstract: Chemical regeneration is one method of regenerating spent granular activated carbon. The chemicals being considered for use are acetic acid, acetone, formic acid, hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide methanol, ethanol, and 2-Propanol. The potential environmental and public health effects of chemical regeneration of spent granular activated carbon causes concern. Information on the eight chemicals and environmental regulations were gathered by doing a literature survey. An evaluation of these chemicals- occupational standards; acute and chronic effects; carcinogenic, reproductive, and mutagenic effects; and environmental fate- showed no anticipated hazards. With the proper preventative and mitigative measures, any unnecessary exposure and adverse effects can be prevented. Chemical regeneration is an alternative to handling spent GAC.
Series/Report No.: WRRC Unedited Reports.
1999-04
Sponsorship: Board of Water Supply, City and Council of Honolulu: contract no. C-58148
Pages/Duration: 39 pages
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/22240

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