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Policy concerns of low fertility for military planning in South Korea
|Title:||Policy concerns of low fertility for military planning in South Korea|
|Authors:||Stephen, Elizabeth H.|
|LC Subject Headings:||Fertility, Human - Korea (South)|
Korea (South) - Population policy
Military planning - Korea (South)
|Date Issued:||Nov 2011|
|Publisher:||Honolulu, HI : East-West Center|
|Series:||AsiaPacific issues ; no. 102|
|Abstract:||The South Korean military currently is the sixth-largest in the world. But years of low birth rates have resulted in declining numbers of young men available for military service, and the country now faces the pressing question of how to ensure national security in the face of inevitable troop reductions. Some options for offsetting this shrinking recruit pool (such as increasing fertility, increasing immigration, and increasing the number of women in the military) might seem obvious, but the complex economic, social, and cultural reality of South Korea make them unlikely to be embraced. The best focus for immediate action is to stabilize or increase service terms and to encourage development and implementation of high-tech security systems. While the recruit pool appears nearly adequate at present, South Korea must act quickly to develop the leaner, more diverse, and more technologically based military necessary for the country to maintain a viable military force.|
|Description:||For more about the East-West Center, see http://www.eastwestcenter.org/|
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