Community Geothermal Technology Program : cloth dyeing by geothermal steam. An experiment in technology transfer from Japan to Hawaii, final report

Date
1987-12-31
Authors
Furumoto, Augustine S.
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This was an experiment to test whether cloth dyeing using geothermal steam (already proven in Japan) would be feasible in Hawaii. Results: Using a fabricated steam vat, cotton, silk, and synthetic can be dyed; the resulting material received high grades for steadfastness and permanency under dye testing. Techniques that were successful in Matsukawa, were replicated in Puna. However, attempts to embed leaf patterns on cloth using natural leaves and to extract natural dyes from Hawaiian plants were unsuccessful; the color of natural dyes deteriorated in hours. But chemical dyes gave brilliant hues or shades, in contrast to those in Japan where the steam there gave subdued tones. It is concluded that geothermal dyeing can be a viable cottage industry in Puna, Hawaii.
Description
Report Number: DOE/SF/15798--T7
Keywords
secondary uses, Kilauea, direct heat, Puna, community, cascaded use, geothermal uses
Citation
Furumoto AS. 1987. Community Geothermal Technology program: Cloth dyeing by geothermal steam. An experiment in technology transfer from Japan to Hawaii, Final report. Community Geothermal Technology program.
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20 pages
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