Ph.D. - International Management

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 42
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    ( 2020) Narayanan, Anand Chandrasekar Chandrasekar ; BHAWUK, DHARM P S ; International Management
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    The Role of Rivals in the Foreign Divestments of International Healthcare Systems.
    ( 2018-05) Hildebrand, Charlotte L. ; International Management
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    Two Essays in Asset Pricing
    ([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [December 2015], 2015-12) Vo, Hong
    This research examines two matters in asset pricing in two essays. The first essay investigates the impact of firm size on return reversals using weekly returns from January 1980 to December 2013. Return reversals are greater for the largest size quintile than for the smallest size quintile in the first half of the sample period. However, the firm size effect on return reversals disappears in the second half sample. Return reversals during the up market period are significantly stronger than during the down market period for all stocks. The reversal difference between the largest and smallest size quintiles is also highly significant in the up market. Further analysis shows that a high institutional demand, mainly from the small stakeholders, for large-firm stocks results in high demand for immediacy as well as strong return reversals for these stocks in the first half sample. After institutions shifted their preferences to stocks of smaller firms since the mid-1990s, return reversals for large-firm stocks became insignificantly different from small-firm stocks in the second half of the sample period. The second essay explores the geographic dimension of the momentum effect. Using the data of the U.S. firms over a 34-year period from 1980 to 2013, the study shows that stocks in urban areas have stronger momentum effect than those in nonurban/rural areas. The result remains robust after controlling for stock and firm characteristics that are documented to affect momentum in previous studies together with time-varying state characteristics. Further analysis shows that geographic momentum concentrates in up markets. The geographic momentum in this study can be explained by two causes. First, the overreaction of risk-averse individual investors to bad news is stronger in nonurban/rural areas than in urban areas. The other is that some types of institutional investors trade on urban winners more strongly than winners in other areas.
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    Love in Translation: The Co-Creation of Valentine's Day as a Market-Mediating Ritual
    ([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2015], 2015-05) Nariswari, Angeline
    The purpose of this dissertation is to understand how market rituals spread within and between distinct cultural contexts, and how this process occurs in value co-creating service ecosystems. By integrating service-dominant (S-D) logic and the markets-as-practice framework, this study traces key micro, meso, as well as macro-level market practices to explore the systemic and collaborative aspects of market creation. The research project contributes to marketing scholarship by proposing a fractal model of market co-creation, which offers an alternative way of understanding markets that shifts away from a diffusion of goods perspective to a translation of practice approach. This study contributes to early efforts to conduct empirical work inspired by the S-D logic perspective. Specifically, the study explores the contested practice of Valentine’s Day in the emerging market of Indonesia as a means to investigate the dynamic multi-level processes of practice translation and institutionalization.
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    Return and report : the role of leadership and performance measurement systems in employee engagement
    ([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2013], 2013-05) Staheli, Nathan
    This dissertation integrates theories in accounting and organizational behavior to address the important issue of motivation and performance management. Specifically, the research draws on elements of agency theory, leadership theory, contingency theory, employee engagement and motivation, and management control and performance measurement system (PMS) literature. This study examines the effect the more comprehensive PMS has on employee engagement. In addition, it examines the role that contextual factors, such as leadership style and organizational structure, have on the use of comprehensive PMS as it relates to employee engagement. A major premise behind the development of more comprehensive PMS is that they can help to improve productivity. Agency Theory, integrated with organizational behavior theories, suggests that a heightened level of organizational justice obtained through more comprehensive PMS, provides the mechanisms through which employees are motivated (Burney, Henle, & Widener, 2009), and the agency problem is mitigated and employee performance is improved. Data collected from a survey of 312 employees are used to test the SEM model. Results from the structural model tested indicate that transformational leadership is directly related to employee engagement. In addition more comprehensive PMS leads directly to a higher level of engagement. This study provides evidence that the employee's supervisor's leadership characteristics play an important role in cultivating the engagement of employees and also offers evidence that more comprehensive PMS result in the more heightened engagement of an employee. Alternative title: Return & report : the role of leadership and performance measurement systems in employee engagement