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Traditional Marine Resource Management in Raja Ampat, Indonesia

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Item Summary

Title:Traditional Marine Resource Management in Raja Ampat, Indonesia
Authors:Mcleod, Elizabeth
Contributors:Szuster, Brian (advisor)
Geography and Environment (department)
marine resource management
human-environment interactions
customary marine tenure
marine resource conservation
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traditional fishing
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Date Issued:Dec 2007
Publisher:[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [December 2007]
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to compare the evolution of traditional marine management in two different villages in Raja Ampat which will elucidate how effective these strategies may be in conserving marine resources. The villages of Fafanlap and Tomolol were chosen because traditional marine management strategies still exist in both areas, both villages consider themselves indigenous, and both have experienced cultural, political, and economic changes that have impacted the management strategies (Donnelly et al. 2003; Anton Suebu, personal communication, 2006; Yohanis Goram, personal communication, 2006). Gender differences in these villages were also explored to help determine what role women play in marine resource management.
Raja Ampat is an ideal location to research customary marine tenure because there is a long history of traditional marine tenure and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are also currently developing a marine conservation strategy there. It is critical to develop an understanding of marine tenure so this data can be effectively integrated into future conservation plans'(McKenna et al. 2002; Donnelly et al. 2003; Halim and Suebu 2004).
The following research questions were developed to determine which mechanisms influenced the evolution of sasi in Raja Ampat:
1) what are the characteristics of sasi?
2) what factors have affected the evolution of sasi?
3) what role can sasi play in the development of contemporary marine conservation strategies?
By comparing how sasi has evolved in two villages that differ in religion, ethnicity, and access to the cash economy, parallels can be made for how viable sasi is in other villages in Raja Ampat. This can indicate how relevant sasi may be for future marine conservation in the region. The role of gender in affecting marine resource use and management will also be explored to determine how it impacts the evolution of sasi. Understanding how sasi evolves within different social, cultural, and economic contexts may help to explain how it will evolve throughout the Raja Ampat archipelago in the face of economic and demographic change. Reinforcement mechanisms must be in place for the continued existence of sasi, and studying these mechanisms will help to identifY which factors are most critical to support traditional management strategies across Indonesia and Melanesia.
Description:MA University of Hawaii at Manoa 2007
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 184–199).
Pages/Duration:x, 199 leaves, bound : illustrations, maps ; 29 cm
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: M.A. - Geography

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