Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
The entwined tree : Traditional natural resource management of Serampas, Jambi, Indonesia
|HAWN ACI_5102_r.pdf||Version for non-UH users. Copying/Printing is not permitted||20.79 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|HAWN ACI_5102_uh.pdf||Version for UH users||20.76 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|Title:||The entwined tree : Traditional natural resource management of Serampas, Jambi, Indonesia|
|Description:||Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2008.|
A number of changes, especially more intense exposure to the market, have influenced the Serampas traditional systems and challenge the sustainability of the local natural resources. The practice of incorporating cinnamon ( Cinnamomum burmanii [Nees & T. Nees] Bl.) into the traditional practice of shifting cultivation has changed the dynamics of shifting cultivation, led to increases in the land area under low diversity cinnamon agroforesty and to decreases in higher diversity secondary forests.
In terms of conservation, the policy of Indonesian government has gradually moved towards participatory management but this has not been fully implemented in the case of Serampas and KSNP. The revival and adaptation of some Serampas traditional management techniques documented here could benefit both conservation and local development initiatives.
Serampas commonly use 318 plant species belonging to 89 families. The most useful species for the Serampas are edible plants and medicinal plants. Old-growth forests have the highest richness of useful taxa, followed by customary forests, secondary forests and lastly cinnamon agroforests. However, secondary forests have the highest proportion of useful species. The forest types with the highest richness of useful plants are not necessary the ones that people perceive as the most important culturally and economically.
The people of Serampas are still strongly attached to their traditional customary system (adat) that governs most aspects of people's lives, including the management of natural resources. Upland rice farming through shifting cultivation has been the backbone of Serampas livelihoods over generations. Serampas traditions restrict the exploitation of some natural resources by means of taboos and traditional protected forests.
show 4 moreThis dissertation aims to examine some of the cultural and ecological relationships between local people and protected areas through a case study of the people of Serampas and Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP) in Sumatra, Indonesia. Specifically, this research addresses seven main questions: (1) What are the traditional management practices associated with forest and agroforest resources?; (2) How have these traditional resource management practices changed over time? (3) What effects do traditional resource management practices have on forest/agroforest plant structure, composition, & diversity?; (4) What ethnobotanical knowledge (EK) do Serampas have and how has this changed over time? (5) How are useful plants distributed across land-use type?; (6) How do Serampas value their natural resources, especially forest and agroforest resources?; and (7) What are the current interactions between Serampas Communities and the KSNP?
Includes bibliographical references (leaves xxx-xxx).
Also available by subscription via World Wide Web
550 leaves, bound 29 cm
|Rights:||All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.|
|Appears in Collections:||
Ph.D. - Botany|
Please email email@example.com if you need this content in ADA-compliant format.
Items in ScholarSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.