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Assessing China's carbon intensity pledge for 2020 : stringency and credibility issues and their implications

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Title:Assessing China's carbon intensity pledge for 2020 : stringency and credibility issues and their implications
Authors:Zhang, ZhongXiang
LC Subject Headings:Carbon dioxide mitigation - Government policy - China
Greenhouse gas mitigation - Government policy - China
Date Issued:Oct 2010
Publisher:Honolulu : East-West Center
Series:East-West Center working papers. Economics series : no.113
Abstract:Just prior to the Copenhagen climate summit, China pledged to cut its carbon intensity by 40-45% by 2020 relative to its 2005 levels to help reach an international climate change agreement at Copenhagen or beyond. This raises the issue of whether such a pledge is ambitious or just represents business as usual. To put China's climate pledge into perspective, this paper examines whether this proposed carbon intensity goal for 2020 is as challenging as the energy-saving goals set in the current 11th five-year economic blueprint, to what extent it drives China's emissions below its projected baseline levels, and whether China will fulfill its part of a coordinated global commitment to stabilize the concentration of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere at the desirable level. Given that China's pledge is in the form of carbon intensity, the paper shows that GDP figures are even more crucial for determining impacts on energy or carbon intensity than are energy consumption and emissions data by examining the revisions of China's GDP figures and energy consumption in recent years. Moreover, the paper emphasizes that China's proposed carbon intensity target not only needs to be seen as ambitious, but more importantly it needs to be credible. Finally, it is concluded with a suggestion that international climate change negotiations need to focus on 2030 as the targeted date to cap the greenhouse gas emissions of the world's two largest emitters in a legally binding global agreement.
Description:For more about the East-West Center, see
Pages/Duration:18 p.
Appears in Collections: Economics [Working Papers]

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