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South Pacific Island Futures: Paradise, Prosperity, or Pauperism?

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Title:South Pacific Island Futures: Paradise, Prosperity, or Pauperism?
Authors:Ward, R Gerard
Keywords:Pacific Islands
social change
land tenure
cultural change
LC Subject Headings:Oceania -- Periodicals.
Date Issued:1993
Publisher:University of Hawai'i Press
Center for Pacific Islands Studies
Citation:Ward, R. G. 1993. South Pacific Island Futures: Paradise, Prosperity, or Pauperism? The Contemporary Pacific 5 (1): 1-21.
Abstract:Technical changes in air and sea transport since the 1950S have had differential
effects within the Pacific Islands region. Many islands are now disadvantaged in
relation to a few main centers and core areas. Social, political, and economic
changes have occurred, in part as concomitants of transport changes. New patterns
of locational advantage for agricultural and commercial activity, education,
and aid dependence have fostered internal and international migration, which has
been accompanied by considerable social disruption.
Overall economic prospects are limited, but the possibilities for niche manufacturing
for export are demonstrated by recent Fijian and Samoan experience.
Economic and spatial changes have led to modification of de facto land tenure
and labor arrangements that may undermine the bases of sociopolitical systems.
The implications for indigenous cultures tend to be overlooked by politicians and
customary leaders. Education and modern intellectual tools have not been used
effectively to understand the cultural changes or to strengthen the viable components
of customary ways. Unless this occurs, emigration and the weakening of
island cultures may continue, and a form of aid-dependent pauperism may
become entrenched.
Appears in Collections: TCP [The Contemporary Pacific], 1993 - Volume 5, Number 1

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