Age and Growth of the Scalloped Hammerhead, Sphyrna lewini, in Northeastern Taiwan Waters

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1990-04
Authors
Chen, C.T.
Leu, T.C.
Joung, S.J.
Lo, NCH
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University of Hawaii Press
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Abstract
Age and growth of the scalloped hammerhead, Sphyrna lewini, caught mostly by longline and harpoon in northeastern Taiwan waters from December 1984 to November 1985, were determined from annulus counts from 325 individuals. Translucent and opaque zones on vertebral centra were formed twice a year, in June and December. The von Bertalanffy growth curve parameters obtained using a nonlinear regression based on age and observed length were as follows: asymptotic length (Loo) = 319.72 cm total length (TL), growth coefficient (K) = 0.249, age at zero length (to) = - 0.413 yr for females; and Loo = 320.59 cm TL, K = 0.222, to = - 0.746 yr for males. Growth was apparently fast and varied among individuals. Growth rate s for females were estimated to be 63cm for the first year, 23-50 cm/yr for years 2-5, and 3-19 cm/yr for years 6-13. Growth rates for males was 54 cm for the first year, 22-42 cm/yr for years 2-5, and 11-18 cm/yr for years 6-8. Holden's method was applied to estimate growth parameters for purposes of comparison. Estimated age at maturity was 4.lyr (210cmTL) for females and-3:8yr (198cm-TL) for males, based on the von Bertalanffy growth equation from back-calculated data. The largest female (331 cm TL) whose age was determined in this study was 14.0 yr old; the largest male (301 cm TL) was 10.6 yr old.
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Chen CT, Leu TC, Joung SJ, Lo NCH. 1990. Age and growth of the scalloped hammerhead, Sphyrna lewini, in northeastern Taiwan waters. Pac Sci 44(2): 156-170.
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