Nitrogen nutrition of the pineapple plant, Ananas comosus (L.) Merr., soil nitrogen status, and dynamics of the reniform nematode population, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira, in relation to the form of nitrogen fertilizer, soil acidity, and fumigation

Date
1969
Authors
Englerth, Edward Jerome
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
[Honolulu]
Abstract
Unpublished studies in the files of the Pineapple Research Institute of Hawaii indicate that under present cultural conditions the .pineapp1e plant displays superior performance with a foliar applied combination of ammonium and nitrate nitrogen than with either form of nitrogen alone. The studies presented here were undertaken to evaluate ammonium nitrate as a nitrogen source under different soil pH levels and fumigation regimes, using soil application of the carrier rather than foliar sprays. The studies compared ammonium nitrate with the all-ammonium fertilizer ammonium sulfate and the all-nitrate fertilizer calcium nitrate at rates of 100, 200, and 300 1b/A, using soil pH values of 4.5 and 5.5. Fumigation used in conjunction with the nitrogen sources included no fumigation, fumigation with 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane at 3 gal/A, and fumigation with a mixture of 1,3-dichloropropene and related hydrocarbons at 40 gal/A. A separate experiment was set up using the high and low rates of nitrogen to examine the effects of carriers and soil pH on reniform nematode numbers in the absence of fumigation. All experiments were of randomized complete block design with a factorial arrangement of treatments. Plants supplied with ammonium nitrate exhibited a slightly greater uptake of total nitrogen, no difference in protein nitrogen, a soluble nitrogen fraction intermediate in size, and a medium to high nitrate content compared to plants on all-ammonium and all-nitrate nutrition. Leaf calcium remained high compared to plants supplied with the other nitrogen carriers. The relative status of the nitrogen forms supplied was not changed by soil fumigation, though soil nitrification was greatly inhibited, resulting in a greater soluble nitrogen content in plants supplied with the ammonium carriers. The concentration of available soil manganese was increased by fumigation. For reasons not known, both liming and increased rates of ammonium sulfate tended to decrease reniform nematode populations in the absence of soil fumigation.
Description
Typescript.
Bibliography: leaves [84]-89.
vii, 89 l graphs, tables
Keywords
Nitrogen, Pineapple -- Effect of nitrogen on, Nematode diseases of plants
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