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Present Knowledge of the Systematics and Zoogeography of the Order Gorgonacea in Hawaii
|dc.contributor.author||Grigg, Richard W.|
|dc.contributor.author||Bayer, Frederick M.|
|dc.identifier.citation||Grigg RW, Bayer FM. 1976. Present knowledge of the systematics and zoogeography of the order Gorgonacea in Hawaii. Pac Sci 30(2): 167-175.|
|dc.description.abstract||Past knowledge of the order Gorgonacea in Hawaii is based almost exclusively on the collections of the United States Fish Commission steamer Albatross in 1902, which contain 52 species. Recent efforts to investigate the ecology of precious coral have produced a new collection based on 183 dredge hauls and 10 dives with a submersible. This program is collectively referred to as the Sango Expedition. Of 59 species of gorgonians obtained by the Sango Expedition, 13 are considered to be new species and 28 new geographic records, bringing the total number of species considered to be present in Hawaii to 93 species. In contrast to the high diversity of gorgonians in the West Indies and the Indo-West-Pacific, the faunal list in Hawaii must still be considered depauperate. This is especially true in shallow water <75 m), where only one species is known. Although climatic deterioration during the Pleistocene could account for the scarcity of gorgonians in shallow water at the present time, this factor is unlikely to have affected deeper species. Furthermore, one would expect to find a modern complement of an ancestral faun a in shallow water if it had existed, as is true in the case of reef corals. The paucity of gorgonians in Hawaii may be due to isolation, which appears to have been a particularly effective barrier in shallow water. It is suggested that the only accessible route to Hawaii for gorgonians has been in deep water where, in the past, there were numerous stepping stones that may have aided dispersal. Moreover, chemical and physical gradients in deep water are relatively low. Why more deepwater species have not migrated into shallow water in Hawaii may be a reflection of their stenotypic character.|
|dc.publisher||University of Hawaii Press|
|dc.title||Present Knowledge of the Systematics and Zoogeography of the Order Gorgonacea in Hawaii|
|Appears in Collections:||
Pacific Science Volume 30, Number 2, 1976|
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