Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/10214

Differential sibling environments and their influences on educational attainment

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Item Summary

dc.contributor.author Honbo, Kelly Ann Miyoshi
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-15T18:18:36Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-15T18:18:36Z
dc.date.issued 1991
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/10214
dc.description Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1991.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves [104]-111)
dc.description Microfiche.
dc.description vii, 111 leaves, bound ill. 29 cm
dc.description.abstract Four-hundred and eighteen female and male adult offspring completed the Sibling Inventory of Differential Experience (SIDE), by reporting average differences and similarities between themselves and their sibling in their growing up and living at home experiences, as well as responded to measures of personality and demographic information. High alpha reliabilities were obtained for the SIDE (ranging from 0.67 to 0.90). No significant associations of gender, age, birth-order, test site, marital status, or ethnic group with responses to the SIDE were noted. Only 202 of the initial 418 participants had also responded to measures of cognitive abilities. Only these 202 individual offspring had provided sufficient data for further analyses. Thus, hierarchical multiple regression analysis procedures were utilized for these participants to study the effects of perceived differential environmental influences on attainment levels. First the effect of parental influence was partial led out, followed by the effects of offspring's cognitive abilities and personality, and lastly the effect of the SIDE measure was accounted for in the model. The overall results indicate that about 27% of the variance in offspring educational attainment level was accounted for by the linear combination of parental variables, cognitive abilities and personality, and SIDE measure. The SIDE measure's individual contribution to the model accounted for about 8% of the variance over and above parental influences, own cognitive abilities and personality influences. Correlates of attainment were found to differ between ethnic and gender groups. Parental variables had more significant effects on Japanese offspring attainment than for Caucasian offspring. While the SIDE accounted for more explained variance in the Japanese group, own cognitive abilities and personality accounted for more variance in the Caucasian group. Gender differences were also noted in a greater influence of parental variables for female than male attainment. SIDE accounted for more variance in female attainment level, while own cognitive abilities and personality accounted for more variance in male attainment.
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Psychology; no. 2593
dc.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
dc.subject Academic achievement
dc.subject Parent and child
dc.subject Brothers and sisters
dc.title Differential sibling environments and their influences on educational attainment
dc.type Thesis
dc.type.dcmi Text
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Psychology


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