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Tsunami hazard assessment of American Samoa

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Item Summary

Title:Tsunami hazard assessment of American Samoa
Authors:Templeton, William John
Keywords:probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment
Date Issued:May 2014
Publisher:[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2014]
Abstract:A preliminary probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment (PTHA) was conducted for American Samoa. The pilot study utilized NEOWAVE to model propagation of tsunamis across the ocean and inundation at the shores of Pago Pago, which is home to key infrastructure of the territory. While the framework is compact and computationally efficient, it takes into account important near-field sources along the Tonga-Kermadec trench that significantly influence the 100 and 500-year inundation. The annual exceedance probability of the earthquake is determined from either the moment magnitude, Mw, or the observed rate of occurrence. The regional rate of Mw 9+ earthquakes is derived from observed global values scaled by local tectonic parameters such as the relative length, convergence rate, and obliquity of convergence of the fault; the rate of Mw 7.3-8.9 earthquakes is based on the global Gutenberg-Richter rate scaled by local tectonic parameters except for Mw 7.3-7.4 and 8.0-8.4, which are functions of the local observed values in historical events. A sensitivity analysis shows that tsunami inundation from far-field, Pacific Rim sources only have secondary effects in the probabilistic framework. The modeled far-field tsunamis with the most impact on American Samoa provide a basis for emergency response in the case of large Mw 9+ earthquakes in the those regions. The 100 and 500-year inundation zones provide a rational account of the exposure to tsunamis, and the analysis lays for the groundwork for conducting a full regional PTHA of American Samoa.
Description:M.S. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2014.
Includes bibliographical references.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: M.S. - Ocean and Resources Engineering

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