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Geochemistry of organic particulates in shallow water continental shelf environments
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|Title:||Geochemistry of organic particulates in shallow water continental shelf environments|
|Abstract:||Net ecosystem production of organic and inorganic phosphorus, nitrogen and carbon in the upper Gulf of Thailand was estimated by mass transport models. Human activities within 50 km from the coast supply about 50% of the P and 40% of the N requirements of the bay. Up to 40% of the total N input may be derived from N2 fixation by dense population of planktonic cyanobacteria Trichodesmium observed near the bay head. The upper Gulf of Thailand is a net consumer of DIP but a net producer of CO2, This opposite trend occurs because the bay consumes high C:P (≈400: 1) terrestrial organic material while producing low C:P (≈100:1) planktonic organic matter. Organic diagenesis in the upper Gulf of Thailand sediments was studied using an electron balance approach. Generally, O2 reduction alone can explain benthic respiration in most parts of the Gulf of Thailand except at stations located less than 15 km from river mouths where organic matter input is high. At these locations, SO4^2- reduction is required to balance the budgets. Sediment denitrification is a minor reaction in terms of organic carbon respiration but can be an important N sink. Net denitrification in sediments near river mouths may be limited by the nitrification step which is subsequently limited by O2 uptake across the sediment-water interface. In other parts of the bay, denitrification is limited by low sediment organic content. The same model is also applied to Tomales Bay (California) sediments where oxidant limitation is more severe. On average, Tomales Bay sediments require about 18 meq m^-2 d^-1 of oxidants, in addition to O2, NO3̄ and SO4^2-, in order to balance the electrons generated by organic carbon oxidation. This electron imbalance is explained by minor reduction reactions and groundwater nutrient input to the bay. Respiratory CO2 regenerated in the Gulf of Thailand sediments reacts with CaCO3. In oxic sediments, the coupling between organic carbon respiration and CaCO3 dissolution is near 1:1. In the SO4^2- reducing zone, the coupling is about 0.4: 1 (assuming FeS formation). CaCO3 dissolution rate in oxic sediments is about 100 times faster than the rate in the SO4^2- reducing zone with the same degree of undersaturation.|
|Description:||Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1993.|
xiii, 201 leaves, bound 29 cm
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|Appears in Collections:||
Ph.D. - Oceanography|
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