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ItemThe Perceived Progress in the Quality of Commune Civil Registration Service in Cambodia([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2015], 2015-05)In an effort to achieve decentralized development, political reform and administrative structures, the Royal Government of Cambodia launched the Law on Commune/Sangkat1 Administrative Management (Commune Law) on March 19, 2001. The election of Commune Councils subsequently ensued in February 2002. This was a critical step in the devolution of power to local authorities across the country. With this local decentralization policy, the national government hoped the establishment of local administrations would be able to deliver better public services, conduct expenditure transparency, improve local infrastructure, and allow a more democratic and local participation. Thus, the purpose of this study is to explore the perceptions of both the commune administrators and the local service receivers on the perceived progress in the quality of commune service delivery. This study focuses on civil registration2, from 2002 through 2014. The case study was conducted in Koymeng Commune, Mongkolborey District, Cambodia. Draw from four analytical themes related to local administrators’ and local residents’ perceptions, the findings on service quality were organized into four basic areas: (1) village-based outreach meeting, (2) increasing knowledge of the local residents, (3) the increased numbers of the commune standing staff on the administrative work, (4) the actual use of modern office equipment.
ItemOrganizing the public through Facebook : a study of the role of new media in public policy([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 2011], 2011-08)Governments can use the internet to interact more with the public. New media applications are fast and cost-effective. Some studies done after 2000 view new forms of media positively, and consider the internet's ability to increase interactions between the public and policymakers. For example, Stanley and Weare (2004) challenge the studies that failed to prove the internet's ability to mobilize people. They claim that ―extending opportunities for participation can attract new voices, thereby changing decision makers' information environment (Stanley and Weare 2004, 503)." Governments and political activists use the internet increasingly in their activities. Ferber et al (2005) evaluated the interactivity of state legislature websites in the United States. While Ferber et al (2005, 85) mention that many state legislature websites are not very interactive, states attempt to direct their websites toward motivating public engagement than promoting interactivity. Governments should play an active role in developing electronic platforms to interact with the public. There is another side of the new media use. While official websites provide communication platforms for state agencies, citizens also use Facebook, Twitter, blogs and e-mail to interact among each other, and with policymakers. It is important to understand how both these aspects facilitate public engagement in order to increase future public participation.
ItemThe relationship between traditional Cambodian values and women in politics (WIP)([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 2012], 2012-08)The purpose of this study is to discover how traditional values, based on the Cambodian women's code of conduct--Chbap Srey (1959), are related to Cambodians' attitudes toward contemporary policies made to equalize gender in politics and gender equality in general. Ideas of gender roles in governance are significantly different from culture to culture. Incompatibility may occur when foreign concepts such as gender equality are implemented in Cambodia, especially at the grassroots level. A survey of college students was conducted to examine the relationships between traditional values and attitudes about women in politics. The findings suggest that New Cambodian women can both follow the code and make good policy.