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Hydrothermal activity on the summit of Loihi Seamount, Hawaii
|1987 - Hydrothermal activity on the summit of Loihi Seamount.pdf||5.63 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|Title:||Hydrothermal activity on the summit of Loihi Seamount, Hawaii|
|LC Subject Headings:||Hydrothermal vents|
|Citation:||Sakai H, Tsubota H, Nakai T, Ishibashi J, Akagi T, Gamo T, Tilbrook B, Igarashi G, Kodera M, Shitashima K, Nakamura S, Fujioka K, Watanabe M, McMurty G, Malahoff A, Ozima M. 1987. Hydrothermal Activity on the Summit of Loihi Seamount, Hawaii: in Geochemical Journal Volume 21, p. 11-21.|
|Series/Report no.:||Geochemical Journal, Volume 21|
|Abstract:||Oceanographic studies including CTD survey of warm sites and bottom photography confirmed several hydrothermal fields on the summit of Loihi Seamount, Hawaii. Warm water venting at these sites forms
chimneys sticking out of and veins cutting through older precipitates. The summit is covered with hydrothermal plumes which are extremely rich in methane, helium, carbon dioxide, iron and manganese, the maximum concentration of helium being 91.8nl/l, the highest so far reported for open-ocean water. The 3He/4He ratio of helium injected into seawater is 14 times the atmospheric (1.4 x 10-6) and similar to that reported for Kilauea and other hotspot-volcanic gases. The 3He/heat and CO2/heat ratios in the plume are one to two orders of magnitude greater than those at oceanic spreading centers, implying a more primitive source region for hotspot volcanism. The Loihi plumes show negative pH anomalies up to half a pH unit from ambient owing to the high injection rate of CO2.
|Sponsor:||"This research was partially supported by the Grant in Aid for the Scientific Research, Nos. 60221006 and 60430010, from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan to the University of Tokyo, and the NOAA National Undersea Research Program at the University of Hawaii, Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory. Hawaii Institute of Geophysics contribution No. 1841."|
|Appears in Collections:||The Geothermal Collection|
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