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The use of suppression subtractive hybridization in the identification of a novel gene encoding a protein containing a BTB-POZ domain in the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata

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Item Summary

Title: The use of suppression subtractive hybridization in the identification of a novel gene encoding a protein containing a BTB-POZ domain in the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata
Authors: Untalan, Pia Marie
Advisor: Haymer, David S
Keywords: Ceratitis capitata
Suppression subtractive hybridization
BTB-POZ domain
Mediterranean fruit fly
Molecular biology
Issue Date: Dec 2002
Publisher: University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation: Untalan, Pia Marie (2002) The use of suppression subtractive hybridization in the identification of a novel gene encoding a protein containing a BTB-POZ domain in the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Hawai'i, United States -- Hawaii.
Abstract: Differential gene expression plays a key role in developmental pathways within an organism. Examples of such pathways include primary sex determination signaling and the formation of
secondary sexual characteristics. This dissertation is focused on the use of suppression subtractive
hybridization (SSH) to identify genes that are differentially expressed and involved in some aspect of
sexual development in the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly), Ceratitis capitata. In the course ofthis
project, a method for sexing individual specimens from pre-adult stages was developed. This method
was used to collect sex-specific RNAs at different developmental stages for use in SSH. A total of25
subtraction products were obtained across all the stages examined. Analysis of these products
revealed that approximately half were similar to cytoplasmic ribosomal proteins and mitochondrial
ribosomal RNA The remaining products represent putative medfly homologs of other previously
identified genes or potentially novel genes One ofthe subtraction products, representing a
potentially novel gene, was characterized in detail. This gene, named mapotge', represents a novel medfly gene that appears to encode a polypeptide of 299 amino acids. The N-terminus of this polypeptide contains a BTB-POZ domain. This domain functions as a protein-protein interaction motif found in a wide range of organisms from humans to
Drosophila that mediates protein dimerization and oligomerization. The temporal expression pattern
of mapotge' was determined using RT-PCR and Northern blot analysis. These revealed that the
transcript is expressed throughout embryogenesis in both females and males, and in adult females that are > 0.5 days post-eclosion. Minimal expression is observed in female and male third instar larvae, early pupae, and in adult males. Studies were also initiated to characterize the representation of additioual sequences containing a BTB-POZ domain in the medfly genome. This was performed using Southern blot analysis and degenerate primers for the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). These results indicate the presence of at least three sequences in the medfly, in addition to 'mapotge', that contain a BTB-POZ domain. Potential evolutionary relationships ofthe BTB-POZ domain sequences from the medfly and other insect species were also analyzed.
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/986
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Appears in Collections:Ph.D. - Biomedical Sciences (Cell & Molecular Biology)



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