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Title: A study on schooling and employment of married women in Korea 
Author: Shin, Ho Hyun
Date: 1990
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to explain two counter-intuitive behavior patterns: the elevated aspiration for female higher education and the low employment rate of highly educated married women in Korea. For this purpose, a testable hypothesis is presented to explain the behavior pattern in terms of total household income, including the marital output of assortative educational mating, instead of using conventional analyses in terms of individual earnings or wage rate. In the model formulated, the overall schooling effect of a married woman on her employment decision is analyzed. The major findings of this study are: first, as the educational level of married women increases, their employment rate tends to decline, and the schooling and earnings of the husband have a consistent positive relation to the wife's educational attainments. Second, as is to be expected, the educational mating between marital spouses indicates a very high correlation (0.7282), and the husband I s earnings are strongly positive correlated, not only to his own education, but also to his wife's education. Third, when the non-employed wife group is compared with the employed group, the mean of the wife's educational attainment in the non-employed group is higher, and the mean schooling and earnings of the husband of the non-employed wife are higher than those of the husband of the employed wife. Fourth, as results of probit estimation on the employment of married women show, the schooling and earnings of the husband, and the employment of other family members are all negatively related to the work of the wife, and their coefficients are all significant. The predicted wage of the wife and the region dummy variable for large city size reveal a strong positive sign. Fifth, the regression result for the husband's earnings equation indicates that the wife's education is an especially important component in the semi-log earnings function of the husband. Sixth, the analysis of the overall schooling effect of the wife on her employment decision reflects that the negative factors of household income dominate the positive wage effect.
Description: Typescript. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1990. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 117-124). Microfiche. ix, 124 leaves, bound 29 cm
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Keywords: Married women -- Employment -- Korea (South), Women -- Education -- Korea (South)

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