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dc.contributor.author Murabayashi, Edwin T en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-09T21:19:16Z en_US
dc.date.available 2009-06-09T21:19:16Z en_US
dc.date.issued 1989-05 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Murabayashi ET. 1989. Wastewater reuse by irrigation in Hawai'i: May 1989 update. Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC special report, 09:00.88. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8776 en_US
dc.description.abstract A statewide survey was conducted to detennine the nature and extent of wastewater reuse by irrigation in 1989. An average of 13.985 mgd (million gallons/day) of wastewater is applied to 2115+ acres. Acreages are difficult to ascertain because with sugarcane much of the wastewater is highly diluted with other waters and distributed broadly to indeterminable acreages. The 1989 data were compared with an earlier survey conducted in 1977. Current reuse is approximately double the 7.18 mgd recorded in 1977. The two primary reuses statewide are for sugarcane and golf course irrigation, utilizing 7.382 and 6.288 mgd respectively. Since 3.5 mgd of the effluent applied to sugarcane is utilized irregularly, it is difficult to suggest any trends. Reuse on golf courses, on the other hand, has tripled from the 2.06 mgd in the earlier survey. This increase is attributable to gains on all islands but particularly on Maui. In the state, there are 24 treatment plant/reuse facilities of which twenty use domestic wastewater and four utilize farm animal wastes. On an island basis, Maui and O'ahu have the highest wastewater reuse, with 6.185 mgd and 5.072 mgd respectively, followed by Kaua'i (2.09 mgd), Hawai'i (0.528 mgd), and Moloka'i (0.11 mgd). en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa en_US
dc.format.extent vi + 15 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries WRRC Special Reports en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 09:00.88 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Golf courses -- Irrigation -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Sewage irrigation -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Sugarcane -- Irrigation -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Water reuse -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.title WRRCSR No.09:00.88 Wastewater Reuse By Irrigation in Hawai'i: May 1989 Update en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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