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WRRCTR No.36 Migration of Poliovirus Type 2 in Percolating Water Through Selected Oahu Soils

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Title: WRRCTR No.36 Migration of Poliovirus Type 2 in Percolating Water Through Selected Oahu Soils
Authors: Hori, Daniel H.
Burbank, Nathan C Jr.
Young, Reginald H.F.
Lau, L. Stephen
Klemmer, Howard W.
LC Subject Headings: Poliovirus.
Soil percolation -- Hawaii -- Oahu.
Soils -- Hawaii -- Oahu.
Groundwater -- Pollution -- Hawaii -- Oahu.
Issue Date: Jan 1970
Publisher: Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation: Hori DH, Burbank NC, Young RHF, Lau LS, Klemmer HW. 1970. Migration of poliovirus type 2 in percolating water through selected Oahu soils. Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC technical report, 36.
Series/Report no.: WRRC Technical Report
36
Abstract: A laboratory study was made to determine the ability of three Oahu soils, Wahiawa, Lahaina, (both Low Humic Latosols), and Tantalus cinder to prevent possible contamination of the basal-water lens by the passage of virus. The study was performed utilizing columns containing the selected soils and subject to intermittent percolating water containing a known concentration of Poliovirus Type 2, simulating the action of a cesspool leaching into the ground. The effluent from the soil column was collected and analyzed for viral content by the plaque forming techniques.
Breakthrough of the virus occurred in both Wahiawa and Lahaina soils at soil thicknesses of 6-inch, 2 1/2-inch, and 1 1/2-inch at applied concentration of 1.5 x 10^5 pfu/ml of feed solution. The virus removal was over 97 percent of the applied titer. The Tantalus cinder proved ineffective in withholding the virus at the applied concentration of 1.5 x 10^5 pfu/ml of feed solution. The virus breakthrough varies between 39 percent to 78 percent
of the applied titer.
Sponsor: U.S. Department of the Interior Grant/Contract No. 14-01-0001-1630; A-000-HI
Pages/Duration: vi + 40 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8735
Appears in Collections:WRRC Technical Reports



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