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Item Description Markin, George P. en_US Nagata, Roddy F. en_US 2009-05-22T02:06:14Z 2009-05-22T02:06:14Z 2000-05 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Markin GP, Nagata RF. 2000. Host suitability studies of the moth, Pyrausta perelegans Hampson (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), as a control agent of the forest weed banana poka, Passiflora mollissima (HBK) Bailey, in Hawaii. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 34:149–159. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0073-134X en_US
dc.description.abstract Passiflora mollissima, locally known as banana poka, is a cultivated vine native to the higher Andes Mountains of northern South America. Introduced to Hawaii as an ornamental or for its fruit, the plant has escaped cultivation and become the most serious weed in our mountain rain forests. The South American pyralid moth, Pyrausta perelegans, was selected as a promising candidate for release in Hawaii as a biological control agent. A detailed study was conducted on its biology and feeding behavior under quarantine conditions in Hawaii. These tests indicate that this insect has closely co-evolved with banana poka and cannot survive and reproduce on any agricultural or native Hawaiian plants or any of the other species of Passiflora presently found in Hawaii, including the commercially grown passion flower (Passiflora edulis). The results of these tests were submitted to Hawaii Department of Agriculture Plant Quarantine Branch with a request that this insect be approved for release as a biological control agent for Passiflora mollissima. Approval was granted by the Board of Agriculture on July 19, 1990 (Permit 11-91-H-4728). Subsequently, colonies of the insect were released on Hawaii in the Olaa Forest near Volcano Village and Laupahoehoe Forest Reserve, at Kula on Maui, and Kokee State Park on Kauai. It is presently confirmed to be established on the islands of Hawaii and Maui. en_US
dc.format.extent 12 pages en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Hawaiian Entomological Society en_US
dc.subject biological control agents en_US
dc.subject Hawaii en_US
dc.subject host plants en_US
dc.subject host preferences en_US
dc.subject invasive species en_US
dc.subject Passiflora tripartita var. mollisima en_US
dc.subject Pyrausta perelegans en_US
dc.subject weed control en_US
dc.title Host Suitability Studies of the Moth, Pyrausta perelegans Hampson (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), as a Control Agent of the Forest Weed Banana Poka, Passiflora mollissima (HBK) Bailey, in Hawaii en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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