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Title: An Aerial Study of Hawaiian Wave Patterns 
Author: Emery, K.O.
Date: 1963-07
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Emery KO. 1963. An aerial study of Hawaiian wave patterns. Pac Sci 17(3): 255-260.
Abstract: Most of us who have had some experience at
sea on small power or sailing boats have noted
that the sea surface is crossed by usually more
than a single train or set of waves. Each train
can be identified by its direction, period, and
height. Sometimes one train is so dominant that
others may not be noticed. The Marshall Islanders
of the nineteenth century and earlier,
past masters in the art of handling small boats,
used wave trains as a navigational aid with their
famous stick charts . The dominant train of
waves, produced by the trad e winds, was designated
by long parallel sticks tied to a rigid
frame. Trains of smaller waves, some produced
by bending around islands-were shown by small
sticks attached at angles to the long ones. A brief
review of these maps and of pertinent literature
was given by Emery, Tracey, and Ladd (1954:5).
ISSN: 0030-8870

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