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Item Description Tomich, P.Q. en_US Wilson, Nixon en_US Lamoureux, Charles H. en_US 2009-03-09T04:10:58Z 2009-03-09T04:10:58Z 1968-07 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Tomich PQ, Wilson N, Lamoureux CH. 1968. Ecological factors on Manana Island, Hawaii. Pac Sci 22(3): 352-368. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0030-8870 en_US
dc.description.abstract A 25-ha islet occupied by seasonally nesting sea birds, feral rabbits, and house mice is considered. Rabbits presumably modified the unknown original vegetation in their 70 or more years on the island and reached an equilibrium with a plant cover composed largely of a few hard y introduced grasses. A total of 28 species of higher plants has been recorded from the island, only 6 of which are native to Hawaii. Rabbits occur in low to moderate numbers, sustained by a food source that is enriched by bird guano and subject to annual drought. Average body weight of the mouse is remarkably heavy at 19.5 g. Data on biological and food habits are presented for both mammals. Among 13 species of ectoparasites of birds and mammals are two unusual host adaptations : of the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis, to Oryctolagns cuniculus, and of the Oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, to Mus musculus. Rabbits appear not to be detrimental to the nesting of bird s, and their control or extermination is discouraged at present. The scientific importance of the island's unique ecosystem is stressed, and proposals for its intensive study are outlined. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press en_US
dc.title Ecological Factors on Manana Island, Hawaii en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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