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Title: Biological control of Miconia calvescens by phytophagous arthropods 
Author: Picanço, Marcelo Coutinho; Barreto, Robert Weingart; Fidelis, Elisangela Gomes; Semeão, Altair Arlindo; Rosado, Jander Fagundes; Moreno, Shaiene Costa; de Barros, Emersom Cristi; Silva, Gerson Adriano; Johnson, Tracy
Date: 2005-03
Publisher: Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany
Citation: Picanco MC, Barreto RW, Fidelis EG, Semeao AA, Rosado JF, Moreno SC, de Barros EC, Silva GA, Johnson T. 2005. Biological control of Miconia calvescens by phytophagous arthropods. Honolulu (HI): Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Report, 134.
Abstract: More than 60 species of arthropods were found associated with Miconia calvescens at two Brazilian sites in a one-year survey for potential biological control agents within the weed’s native range in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Fifty-one insect species were collected, a majority of them phytophagous. Among the sap and cell feeders were two whitefly, a thrips species Heliothrips sp.n. (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), a psyllid Diclidophlebia sp. (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), an aphid species, and six species of leaf hoppers (five were species of Cicadellidae and one species of Flatidae). The psyllid and leaf hoppers appeared to warrant further evaluation, especially for their possible association with a lethal phytoplasm disease. Defoliators causing substantial damage included the leaf-roller Ategumia sp. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Druentia cf. inscita (Lepidoptera: Mimallonidae), a sawfly Atomacera petroa (Hymenoptera: Argidae), and the leaf-cutter ant Atta sexdens rubropilosa. Stem-boring insects were discovered in low numbers and included an Agrilus sp. (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) that may be capable of killing stems. An Apion sp. (Coleoptera: Brentidae) was found associated with inflorescences. These collections include many species not discovered in earlier surveys of miconia in Brazil and Costa Rica, suggesting that additional potential arthropod agents await discovery in areas not yet explored.
Series/Report No.: Technical Report
134
Description: Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in.
Sponsorship: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Discipline, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center; Haleakala National Park, U.S. National Park Service; Hawaii Department of Agriculture by means of RCUH-FUNARBE cooperative agreement
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/7117
LC Subject Headings: Biological pest control agents.
Invasive plants -- Biological control.
Miconia calvescens -- Biological control.
Miconia calvescens -- Diseases and pests.

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