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Title: The Formation of a "Primary Film" on Materials Submerged in the Sea at Port Hueneme, California 
Author: O'Neill, Thomas B.; Wilcox, Gary L.
Date: 1971-01
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: O'Neill TB, Wilcox GL. 1971. The formation of a "primary film" on materials submerged in the sea at Port Hueneme, California. Pac Sci 25(1): 1-12.
Abstract: The initial stages of fouling, the accumulation
of microscopic organisms, and formation
of a primary film or slime layer, have received
but sparse attention in the literature. To cite an
example, the U.S. Naval Institute publication
Marine Fording and Its Prevention contains
hundreds of references to fouling but only
eight pertain to the primary film.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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