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Development and Application of Genetic Programming in the Design and Optimization of Ultra-Wideband 3D Metamaterials
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|Title:||Development and Application of Genetic Programming in the Design and Optimization of Ultra-Wideband 3D Metamaterials|
3D metamaterial synthesis
|Issue Date:||May 2016|
|Publisher:||[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2016]|
|Abstract:||Metamaterials are materials with engineered characteristics and unique properties not naturally available, such as artiﬁcial magnetic conductors (AMC). Limitation of present AMC designs is related to their narrowband and high frequency operation, in GHz range. For many commercial and military applications, however, it is desired to design such materials in lower MHz band and with ultra-wideband (UWB) performance. In addition, typical 2D AMCs are designed by trial and error, often based on combination of layers of existing designs, and lossy materials are used to achieve broadband performance. There is no methodology that exists for designing true-3D metamaterials with broadband characteristics in the MHz band. This research uses genetic programming (GP) to automatically and eﬃciently explore the utilization of 3D design space to develop materials with the desired low frequency and broadband characteristics. Genetic programing is a genetically based evolutionary process that creates and modiﬁes new geometries to achieve ﬁnal designs that meet desired speciﬁcations. In this dissertation, GP software is developed and used to synthesize 3D, compact, UWB AMC ground planes, with a focus on achieving a lower frequency response and without using lossy or expensive magnetic materials. Full-wave electromagnetic simulation software (HFSS) is used to evaluate these designs. To accelerate the design process, GP is hybridized with a low-level optimizer, where GP creates and modiﬁes topologies at the upper level while at the lower level each design is optimized separate from GP. The code is further parallelized to speed up the computations. Simulation results for nine AMC ground plane examples meeting the speciﬁcations (225-450 MHz, compact) with thicknesses ranging from λo/11 to λo/16 are presented to illustrate variety of successful topologies achieved by GP software while requiring only a set of design speciﬁcations. This research thus provides an eﬃcient design methodology for true-3D metamaterials, and with proper customization, could easily be extended to other electromagnetic areas, such as metamaterials in general, antennas, antenna array systems, and RF/microwave devices. Results from this research speciﬁcally ﬁll a signiﬁcant need of designing lower frequency UWB AMC ground planes without using heavy and/or expensive magnetic materials typically used in the MHz range.|
|Description:||Ph.D. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2016.|
Includes bibliographical references.
|Appears in Collections:||Ph.D. - Electrical Engineering|
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