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Social Housing Building Envelope Retrofit in Russia: New Material Assembly Application
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|Title:||Social Housing Building Envelope Retrofit in Russia: New Material Assembly Application|
|Issue Date:||May 2016|
|Publisher:||[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2016]|
|Abstract:||In the 1950’s the Russian government began a massive construction campaign to provide housing throughout the country. Millions of units were built with minimal variation to supply housing demand. The driving force was to keep the cost of construction as low as possible; as a result these buildings were built with no energy eﬃciency standards. In addition, the interior of these buildings have very poor thermal comfort. These units had an intended lifespan of 25 years but, unfortunately, are still in use today. This fact together with an outdated and failing district heating infrastructure has resulted in a substantial need for improved building envelope retroﬁts of these old prefabricated concrete buildings.|
Various retroﬁt options have been studied in Moscow since 1997, when the building codes in Russia changed to incorporate energy eﬃciency in the building envelope design. The most recent study by VTT (VALTION TEKNILLINEN TUTKIMUSKESKUS) Technical of Finland in 2014, was very thorough in overall scope, but had several areas where it could be improved.
The answer is ﬁber cement and cellulose insulation in a prefabricated building element. As no such building element currently exists, the culmination of this research document results in the creation of a new building material assembly that is ideally suited for sustainable prefabricated building envelope retroﬁts. There is a need for this new material assembly because it will provide a better, more adaptable, less expensive, easier to install, more sustainable, lower lifetime maintenance exterior insulation system than any other material on the market today. The site location selected for study is in Volzhsky, a small but progressive city in the south western corner of Russia. The social housing retroﬁt proposed herein will provide a precedent that can be followed and modiﬁed throughout the entire country.
|Description:||D.Arch. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2016.|
Includes bibliographical references.
|Appears in Collections:||D.ARCH. - Architecture|
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