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Low fertility in Japan—no end in sight

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Title: Low fertility in Japan—no end in sight
Authors: Tsuya, Noriko O.
LC Subject Headings: Fertility, Human - Japan
Japan - Population policy
Issue Date: Jun 2017
Publisher: Honolulu, HI : East-West Center
Series/Report no.: AsiaPacific issues;no. 131
Abstract: After more than 40 years of very low birth rates, Japan now has one of the oldest populations in the world. Sustained low birth rates mean that there are few children in the population and eventually few working-age adults to drive economic growth and support the relatively large proportion of elderly, who were born in a previous era when fertility was higher. But why are young Japanese having so few children? One reason appears to be the uncertain employment prospects for young men, which make them poor candidates for marriage. The persistence of strong gender differences in housework and childcare also make the "marriage package" unattractive for Japanese women. Over the years, the Japanese government has introduced and expanded several programs to encourage young Japanese to marry and have children, including parental leave, monetary assistance to parents, and highly subsidized childcare. So far, however, these programs appear to have had very little impact.
Description: For more about the East-West Center, see
Pages/Duration: 4 p.
ISSN: 1522-0966
Appears in Collections:AsiaPacific Issues

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