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Application of Digital Catalog Using Parametric Modification: Morphological variations in design through the traditional Korean joinery

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Title: Application of Digital Catalog Using Parametric Modification: Morphological variations in design through the traditional Korean joinery
Authors: Jongwoo, Kim Jason
Advisor: Park, Hyoung-June
Issue Date: Dec 2010
Abstract: The purpose of the study is to explore the idea of morphological transformation in building components and its design iteration through the parametric changes and rearrangements of components. The parametric conditions in Building Information Modeling (BIM) allow flexible changes in form, dimension and assembly of the components. The unique setting of working with the components, BIM software allows its users to easily modify the general characteristics of components through their parametric changes (Lee, Sacks and Eastman, 2006). With traditional Korean joineries as the main components within the digital catalog, parametric modifications of each component will be able to perform morphological transformation of a building that is being designed.
Traditional Korean architecture is referred to as “moving architecture,” due to the efficiency and economy in its constructing process that allows the reuse of building components with varieties of flexible joinery system in assembly and disassembly process and prefabrication method.1 With the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM), the digital catalog of all the 44 components of Korean joinery system is developed to be the main source in the design of a prototypical structure and its morphological transformation. Based upon the components of three primary bracket styles (Jusim-Po, Ik-Gong and Da-Po) of traditional Korean joinery system in the catalog, the parametric modifications of the components and their rearrangements are performed for various design iteration. This paper demonstrates the design process of morphological transformation using parametric modifications in BIM environment through the parametric changes in Korean joinery system.
In this paper, all forty four components of Korean Joinery system become a series of modules in a rule-based (parameters and constraints) catalog for the parametric changes and the rearrangements among the components within Autodesk Revit environment. Since the catalog contains the components created from various joinery conditions, any single module or the combinations of the multiple modules from the catalog can be employed for easy fabrication, removal, reattachment and action as a structural element as well as sub-structures after its usage. The catalog allows a user to assign various parameters to the variables of each component according to its usage. By assigning different parameter, the component has flexibility for generating various joint connections.
The research provides various transformation outcomes of a prototype structure with the modification of the components. The original prototype shelter design transforms into different furniture for public usage or individual resting units. According to a given design condition or site context, the prototype structure becomes transformable and reusable with various combinations of configuration among its components and their parametric changes.


1 Jung, Yun-Sang. 2006. A study of Joineries in Wooden Structure and its analysis in Seoul, Korea. Research Documentation, traditional Korean architecture study group.
The purpose of the study is to explore the idea of morphological transformation in building components and its design iteration through the parametric changes and rearrangements of components. The parametric conditions in Building Information Modeling (BIM) allow flexible changes in form, dimension and assembly of the components. The unique setting of working with the components, BIM software allows its users to easily modify the general characteristics of components through their parametric changes (Lee, Sacks and Eastman, 2006). With traditional Korean joineries as the main components within the digital catalog, parametric modifications of each component will be able to perform morphological transformation of a building that is being designed.
Traditional Korean architecture is referred to as “moving architecture,” due to the efficiency and economy in its constructing process that allows the reuse of building components with varieties of flexible joinery system in assembly and disassembly process and prefabrication method.1 With the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM), the digital catalog of all the 44 components of Korean joinery system is developed to be the main source in the design of a prototypical structure and its morphological transformation. Based upon the components of three primary bracket styles (Jusim-Po, Ik-Gong and Da-Po) of traditional Korean joinery system in the catalog, the parametric modifications of the components and their rearrangements are performed for various design iteration. This paper demonstrates the design process of morphological transformation using parametric modifications in BIM environment through the parametric changes in Korean joinery system.
In this paper, all forty four components of Korean Joinery system become a series of modules in a rule-based (parameters and constraints) catalog for the parametric changes and the rearrangements among the components within Autodesk Revit environment. Since the catalog contains the components created from various joinery conditions, any single module or the combinations of the multiple modules from the catalog can be employed for easy fabrication, removal, reattachment and action as a structural element as well as sub-structures after its usage. The catalog allows a user to assign various parameters to the variables of each component according to its usage. By assigning different parameter, the component has flexibility for generating various joint connections.
The research provides various transformation outcomes of a prototype structure with the modification of the components. The original prototype shelter design transforms into different furniture for public usage or individual resting units. According to a given design condition or site context, the prototype structure becomes transformable and reusable with various combinations of configuration among its components and their parametric changes.


1 Jung, Yun-Sang. 2006. A study of Joineries in Wooden Structure and its analysis in Seoul, Korea. Research Documentation, traditional Korean architecture study group.
The purpose of the study is to explore the idea of morphological transformation in building components and its design iteration through the parametric changes and rearrangements of components. The parametric conditions in Building Information Modeling (BIM) allow flexible changes in form, dimension and assembly of the components. The unique setting of working with the components, BIM software allows its users to easily modify the general characteristics of components through their parametric changes (Lee, Sacks and Eastman, 2006). With traditional Korean joineries as the main components within the digital catalog, parametric modifications of each component will be able to perform morphological transformation of a building that is being designed.
Traditional Korean architecture is referred to as “moving architecture,” due to the efficiency and economy in its constructing process that allows the reuse of building components with varieties of flexible joinery system in assembly and disassembly process and prefabrication method.1 With the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM), the digital catalog of all the 44 components of Korean joinery system is developed to be the main source in the design of a prototypical structure and its morphological transformation. Based upon the components of three primary bracket styles (Jusim-Po, Ik-Gong and Da-Po) of traditional Korean joinery system in the catalog, the parametric modifications of the components and their rearrangements are performed for various design iteration. This paper demonstrates the design process of morphological transformation using parametric modifications in BIM environment through the parametric changes in Korean joinery system.
In this paper, all forty four components of Korean Joinery system become a series of modules in a rule-based (parameters and constraints) catalog for the parametric changes and the rearrangements among the components within Autodesk Revit environment. Since the catalog contains the components created from various joinery conditions, any single module or the combinations of the multiple modules from the catalog can be employed for easy fabrication, removal, reattachment and action as a structural element as well as sub-structures after its usage. The catalog allows a user to assign various parameters to the variables of each component according to its usage. By assigning different parameter, the component has flexibility for generating various joint connections.
The research provides various transformation outcomes of a prototype structure with the modification of the components. The original prototype shelter design transforms into different furniture for public usage or individual resting units. According to a given design condition or site context, the prototype structure becomes transformable and reusable with various combinations of configuration among its components and their parametric changes.


1 Jung, Yun-Sang. 2006. A study of Joineries in Wooden Structure and its analysis in Seoul, Korea. Research Documentation, traditional Korean architecture study group.
The purpose of the study is to explore the idea of morphological transformation in building components and its design iteration through the parametric changes and rearrangements of components. The parametric conditions in Building Information Modeling (BIM) allow flexible changes in form, dimension and assembly of the components. The unique setting of working with the components, BIM software allows its users to easily modify the general characteristics of components through their parametric changes (Lee, Sacks and Eastman, 2006). With traditional Korean joineries as the main components within the digital catalog, parametric modifications of each component will be able to perform morphological transformation of a building that is being designed.
Traditional Korean architecture is referred to as “moving architecture,” due to the efficiency and economy in its constructing process that allows the reuse of building components with varieties of flexible joinery system in assembly and disassembly process and prefabrication method.1 With the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM), the digital catalog of all the 44 components of Korean joinery system is developed to be the main source in the design of a prototypical structure and its morphological transformation. Based upon the components of three primary bracket styles (Jusim-Po, Ik-Gong and Da-Po) of traditional Korean joinery system in the catalog, the parametric modifications of the components and their rearrangements are performed for various design iteration. This paper demonstrates the design process of morphological transformation using parametric modifications in BIM environment through the parametric changes in Korean joinery system.
In this paper, all forty four components of Korean Joinery system become a series of modules in a rule-based (parameters and constraints) catalog for the parametric changes and the rearrangements among the components within Autodesk Revit environment. Since the catalog contains the components created from various joinery conditions, any single module or the combinations of the multiple modules from the catalog can be employed for easy fabrication, removal, reattachment and action as a structural element as well as sub-structures after its usage. The catalog allows a user to assign various parameters to the variables of each component according to its usage. By assigning different parameter, the component has flexibility for generating various joint connections.
The research provides various transformation outcomes of a prototype structure with the modification of the components. The original prototype shelter design transforms into different furniture for public usage or individual resting units. According to a given design condition or site context, the prototype structure becomes transformable and reusable with various combinations of configuration among its components and their parametric changes.


1 Jung, Yun-Sang. 2006. A study of Joineries in Wooden Structure and its analysis in Seoul, Korea. Research Documentation, traditional Korean architecture study group.
The purpose of the study is to explore the idea of morphological transformation in building components and its design iteration through the parametric changes and rearrangements of components. The parametric conditions in Building Information Modeling (BIM) allow flexible changes in form, dimension and assembly of the components. The unique setting of working with the components, BIM software allows its users to easily modify the general characteristics of components through their parametric changes (Lee, Sacks and Eastman, 2006). With traditional Korean joineries as the main components within the digital catalog, parametric modifications of each component will be able to perform morphological transformation of a building that is being designed.
Traditional Korean architecture is referred to as “moving architecture,” due to the efficiency and economy in its constructing process that allows the reuse of building components with varieties of flexible joinery system in assembly and disassembly process and prefabrication method.1 With the application of Building Information Modeling (BIM), the digital catalog of all the 44 components of Korean joinery system is developed to be the main source in the design of a prototypical structure and its morphological transformation. Based upon the components of three primary bracket styles (Jusim-Po, Ik-Gong and Da-Po) of traditional Korean joinery system in the catalog, the parametric modifications of the components and their rearrangements are performed for various design iteration. This paper demonstrates the design process of morphological transformation using parametric modifications in BIM environment through the parametric changes in Korean joinery system.
In this paper, all forty four components of Korean Joinery system become a series of modules in a rule-based (parameters and constraints) catalog for the parametric changes and the rearrangements among the components within Autodesk Revit environment. Since the catalog contains the components created from various joinery conditions, any single module or the combinations of the multiple modules from the catalog can be employed for easy fabrication, removal, reattachment and action as a structural element as well as sub-structures after its usage. The catalog allows a user to assign various parameters to the variables of each component according to its usage. By assigning different parameter, the component has flexibility for generating various joint connections.
The research provides various transformation outcomes of a prototype structure with the modification of the components. The original prototype shelter design transforms into different furniture for public usage or individual resting units. According to a given design condition or site context, the prototype structure becomes transformable and reusable with various combinations of configuration among its components and their parametric changes.


1 Jung, Yun-Sang. 2006. A study of Joineries in Wooden Structure and its analysis in Seoul, Korea. Research Documentation, traditional Korean architecture study group.
Pages/Duration: 130 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/45750
Appears in Collections:2010



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