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Adapative Biodynamics in Architecture: Design of a Prototype as an immersive Sun Shading System

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Title: Adapative Biodynamics in Architecture: Design of a Prototype as an immersive Sun Shading System
Authors: Chung, Kyung Joon
Advisor: Park, Hyoung-June
Keywords: Adaptive biodynamics
environmental stimuli
morphological and behavioral mechanisms
real-time response
sun-shading prototype
show 1 moreuser-interaction
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Issue Date: Dec 2011
Abstract: The integration of adaptive biodynamics in architectural design creates positive influence on the lifestyle of human occupants in a diverse range of geographical and social context, as adaptive architectural systems generate diverse spatial experiences in response to real-time environmental changes and dynamic user behaviors. Biodynamics is the concepts of the force and energy of dynamic processes on living organisms. The force and energy of dynamic processes in the form of climatic variables in a given environment have challenged living organisms over 3.8 billion years. As a result, living organisms have developed specific morphological and behavioral mechanisms to respond to dynamic processes of a given environment through adaptation. As adaptation is a critical feature essential to the health and physical well-being of a given design of an organism, adaptive biodynamics is a multidisciplinary study that investigates the potential in the design of artificial systems based on adaptive mechanisms in natural systems. The application of adaptive biodynamics in architecture proposed in this thesis addresses the dynamics of climatic variables and spatial needs of a given environment with adaptive mechanisms to provide 1. Physiological comfort as a response to climatic variables of sunlight, temperature, precipitation and wind, and 2. Psychological pleasure of experiencing immersive built environment. The integration of adaptive mechanisms generates solutions in architectural design of space, structure, and skin, which are inspired by selected mechanisms from the database of biological models. The implementation of adaptive biodynamics in this research is demonstrated through procedural design approach of four adaptive architectural components based on morphological and behavioral mechanisms in selected biological models: desert locust, mimosa pudica, hornbeam leaf, and chloroplast. These adaptive components are assembled as a prototype of an immersive sun-shading system. Equipped with responsive technologies such as sensor, processors, and actuators, the prototype can generate various adaptive configurations in relation to environmental stimuli and user interaction. The performance of the prototype is highly adaptive in the sense that its morphological con$ guration and behavioral patterns can be programmed via a digital interface, in consideration of usage. Users, under given conditions, are allowed to embed their preferences into the prototypes. As a result, the prototypes will create highly personalized, immersive spatial experience for the users. The performance of the prototype is simulated to demonstrate its potential usage in sites requiring context-specific real-time responses.
Pages/Duration: 141 pages
Appears in Collections:2011

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