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dc.contributor.author Canfield, Joan E en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-12-18T02:29:23Z en_US
dc.date.available 2008-12-18T02:29:23Z en_US
dc.date.issued 1990-11 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Canfield JE. 1990. Description and map of the plant communities of Kaloko-Honokohau National Cultural Park. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Reports, 73. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/4331 en_US
dc.description Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in. en_US
dc.description.abstract Two lichens, three ferns, and 69 flowering plants are recorded from Kaloko-Honokohau National Cultural Park. Thirty-nine species (53%) are alien (introduced since 1778). Eleven species have been declared noxious by the State of Hawai'i. Eight species pose a threat to archaeological sites. Two grasses constitute a fire hazard. Eight major and four lesser plant communities are distinguished and mapped on the basis of dominant growth form, species composition, and substrate: I. nearly barren 'a'a, II. four types of strand vegetation (low, scrub, shrub, and forest), III. anchialine ponds, IV. marsh and mangrove forest, V. grassland, VI. inland scrub, VII. savanna, and VIII. predominantly inland forest. Nine of the 11 communities are usually dominated by alien species. Only the low strand vegetation and strand scrub are typically native-dominated. A total of 78 localized plant associations are distinguished within the 11 communities. Management recommendations concerning alien plants are to eradicate mangroves, critical species disturbing archaeological sites, and species with very limited populations. More common aliens can be replaced in part with culturally significant or endemic species. Feral animals do not appear to pose a major threat at present. Proposed Park facilities should have little impact on the native vegetation, except insofar as construction activity promotes the introduction and spread of alien species. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship National Park Service Contract No. CX 8020-2-0001 en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Technical Report en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 73 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Hawaii) en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Plants -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Vegetation surveys -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island. en_US
dc.title Description and map of the plant communities of Kaloko-Honokohau National Cultural Park en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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