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|Title:||A survey showing the effect of environment and behavior upon parasite levels in the Hawai'i 'amakihi (Loxops virens) (Aves: Drepanididae) / The breeding ecology of the Amakihi (Loxops virens) and Palila (Psittirostra bailleui) on Mauna Kea, Hawaii|
|Authors:||van Riper, Charles III|
|LC Subject Headings:||Endemic birds -- Hawaii -- Hawaii Island.|
Endemic birds -- Parasites -- Hawaii.
|Publisher:||Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany|
|Citation:||van Riper C. 1981. A survey showing the effect of environment and behavior upon parasite levels in the Hawai'i 'amakihi (Loxops virens) (Aves: Drepanididae). Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. PCSU Technical Report, 43.|
|Series/Report no.:||Technical Report|
|Abstract:||From 1972 through 1979 a field survey was conducted to determine what parasites were present in an 'Amakihi (Loxops virens) population from a dry forest on the island of Hawai'i. Fauna were collected from recently used nests and few avian parasites were found; most were nonparasitic arthropods associated with nests as saprophages, or as predators on other nest arthropods. Mites of the genus Ptilonyssus were found in the nasal cavity and seven other genera were identified from body washes. Avian pox lesions were found on five 'Amakihi, and in two instances the infections appeared severe enough to have |
caused death. Coccidia (Isospora sp.) were recorded from four birds, and all blood smears from 107 birds were negative for haematozoans. Complete postmortems were carried out on 44 'Amakihi. Intestinal helminths were the most frequently encountered parasites, and their abundance varied significantly between host age classes. From 1972 through 1979 capillarids were present in nine of 20 postmortemed adults, but were not found in any juvenile birds. Four cases of cestode parasitism were all from adult specimens. Ecological factors are given which possibly explain the differing levels of parasite infection between young and adult birds.
|Description:||Additional title: The breeding ecology of the Amakihi (Loxops virens) and Palila (Psittirostra bailleui) on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in.|
|Sponsor:||National Park Service Contract No. CX 8000 7 0009|
|Appears in Collections:||The PCSU and HPI-CESU Technical Reports 1974 - current|
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