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Title: Some Shoot and Cone Characteristics of Taiwan Red Pine 
Author: Lanner, Ronald M.; Hinkle, E.H.
Date: 1970-07
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Citation: Lanner RM, Hinkle EH. 1970. Some shoot and cone characteristics of Taiwan red pine. Pac Sci 24(3): 414-416.
Abstract: Taiwan red pine (Pinus taiwanensis Hayata)
is endemic to the island of Taiwan, or Formosa
(Li, 1963). It is one of the so-called uninodal
pines - that is, its winter bud elongates to form
an unbranched axis bearing lateral long shoot
buds only near the distal end. However, it is
remarkably prone to lammas growth or summer
shoots (premature elongation of a newly formed
dormant bud) and to several other anomalous
forms of behavior. Some of these strongly affect
tree form; others are economically unimportant
but serve to illustrate further the morphological
plasticity within the genus Pinus. The observations
reported here were made in early March
1969, in natural stands, plantations, nurseries,
and a seed orchard.
ISSN: 0030-8870

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