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New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution

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Title: New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution
Authors: Le Marchand, Loic
Issue Date: Feb 2015
Publisher: Nature
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Note: A full list of authors and affiliations appears at the end of the article.

Body fat distribution is a heritable trait and a well-established predictor of adverse metabolic outcomes, independent of overall adiposity. To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of body fat distribution and its molecular links to cardiometabolic traits, we conducted genome-wide association meta-analyses of waist and hip circumference-related traits in up to 224,459 individuals. We identified 49 loci (33 new) associated with waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (WHRadjBMI) and an additional 19 loci newly associated with related waist and hip circumference measures (P<5×10−8). Twenty of the 49 WHRadjBMI loci showed significant sexual dimorphism, 19 of which displayed a stronger effect in women. The identified loci were enriched for genes expressed in adipose tissue and for putative regulatory elements in adipocytes. Pathway analyses implicated adipogenesis, angiogenesis, transcriptional regulation, and insulin resistance as processes affecting fat distribution, providing insight into potential pathophysiological mechanisms.

Pages/Duration: 48
DOI: 10.1038/nature14132
Appears in Collections:University of Hawaii Cancer Center / Cancer Research Center Faculty & Researcher Works

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