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Title: Policy as warrant : environment and development in the Himalayan region 
Author: Blaikie, Piers M.; Muldavin, Joshua
Date: 2004
Publisher: Honolulu: East-West Center
Abstract: Much of the environmental policy process in the Himalayan-Hindu Kush (HKH) region occurs at interfaces between international agendas promoted by various actors and national governments. These interfaces are frontiers of negotiation, skirmishing, and compromise, becoming a confused space for different development fashions (e.g. economic approaches to the environment, community natural resource management, democratization of policy making, the livelihoods approach or a retrenched and militarized "fortress conservation"). These fashions engage with a range of national policies, politics, administrative capacities and local institutions. There are many analytical tools for understanding policymaking and here we introduce the notion of "warrant" which combines four elements - the claim (based on, for example, scientific knowledge or human rights), the positionality of the warrant maker, its audience (as represented by actors in the political network) and the warrant outcome. It is considered alongside some other approaches to understanding the policy process and its usefulness is evaluated as an overarching framework for not only understanding but also improving the negotiation process in policy making. This is explained with illustrations of policy making in the Himalayan region. Lastly, elements of a future research agenda are proposed.
Series/Report No.: East-West Center working papers. Environmental change, vulnerability, and governance series ; no. 59
Description: For more about the East-West Center, see
Pages/Duration: 29, [3] pages
LC Subject Headings: Environmental policy - Himalaya Mountains Region
Economic development - Environmental aspects - Himalaya Mountains Region

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