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dc.contributor.author Banko, Winston E en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2008-01-18T02:47:51Z en_US
dc.date.available 2008-01-18T02:47:51Z en_US
dc.date.issued 1981-08 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Banko WE. 1981. History of endemic Hawaiian birds: part I: population histories, species accounts: forest birds: Vestiaria coccinea, Drepanis funerea, Drepanis pacifica. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. CPSU/UH Avian History Report, 11b. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/362 en_US
dc.description Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in. en_US
dc.description.abstract Vestiaria coccinea is a small, brilliant-scarlet forest bird with black wings and tail and a long curved orange bill. It ranges over all six forested Islands. Exhaustive search of literature and field journals uncovered some 838 observational notes, collection records, reports and related statements on relative abundance and geographical distribution from 1778 to 1978. All records are serially numbered, arranged in geographical and chronological order, referenced as to source and systematically analyzed. It is concluded that, since the late 1800's ´I´iwi have depopulated severely, if not completely, from low to mid-elevations below about 3000 ft. and significantly, if only moderately, above that elevation. Extinct on Lāna'i and rare on O´ahu and Moloka'i, 'I´iwi can presently be termed abundant only in a few selected localities above about 4000 ft. and then perhaps only seasonally on Kaua´i, Maui and Hawai'i. Drepanis funerea, or ´Ō´ōnukuumu, is a medium sized black forest bird with long curved bill. Endemic to the island of Moloka'i it formerly ranged upper elevation forests in the central and eastern sectors of the island. Exhaustive search of literature and field journals uncovered only 39 reports, collection records and related statements on its population status and/or geographical distribution from 1893 to 1978. Ten specimens are known. Only scattered unsubstantiated rumors of its existence after 1907, when the last specimens were collected, are known. The ´Ō´ōnukuumu is apparently extinct. Drepanis pacifica, or Mamo, is a medium-sized black and yellow forest bird with long curved bill. Endemic to the island of Hawai'i it once ranged in Kohala, Kona, Ka'ū, and Mauna Kea Districts. Exhaustive search of literature and field journals uncovered only 32 reports (many negative), collection records, and related statements on its relative abundance and/or geographical distribution from 1779 to 1978. Eleven specimens are known. Only scattered unsubstantiated reports exist after 1898 when the last group was seen above Hilo. Intensive island-wide surveys in the late 1970's failed to find this species. The Mamo is presumably extinct. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Hawaii Volcanoes National Park; National Park Service Contract No. CX 8000 2 0012 en_US
dc.format Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Avian History Report en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 11b en_US
dc.subject Drepanis funereal en_US
dc.subject Drepanis pacifica en_US
dc.subject Iiwi en_US
dc.subject Mamo en_US
dc.subject Oonukuumu en_US
dc.subject Vestiaria coccinea en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bird populations -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Endemic birds -- Hawaii -- History. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Extinct birds -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Forest birds -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.title History of endemic Hawaiian birds: Part I: population histories, species accounts: forest birds: Vestiaria coccinea, Drepanis funerea, Drepanis pacifica en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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  • The Avian History Reports [20]
    This collection presents the Avian History Reports (AHR), A Historical Synthesis of Recent Endemic Hawaiian Birds (1979-1990).

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