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dc.contributor.author Banko, Winston E en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-29 en_US
dc.date.available 2007-12-29 en_US
dc.date.issued 1984-07 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Banko WE. 1984. History of endemic Hawaiian birds: part I: population histories, species accounts: forest birds: 'Amakihi, Creeper, 'Akepa & Po'o Uli. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. CPSU/UH Avian History Report, 8b & 8c. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/356 en_US
dc.description Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in. en_US
dc.description.abstract Loxops parvus [‘Anianiau] is a small, greenish-yellow forest bird with a slender, short, nearly straight bill. Endemic to island of Kaua'i, it was first described in 1888. Observers from 1961 to 1978 described it as "common to abundant" in areas mostly over 3000 feet elevation. It is concluded that sub-populations of L. parvus utilizing native forests below 1500 feet elevation have, in the past 80 years, become extinct while those remaining above that elevation apparently declined progressively less upward. Substantial numbers of this species continue to exist in higher elevation forests. Endemic to the island of Hawai’i, Loxops sagittirostris [Greater ‘Amakihi] is a small, greenish forest bird, more robust than its congeners, with a long, blackish, nearly straight, oriole-like bill. It is presumed extinct. Loxops maculatus [‘Alauwahio or Hawaiian Creeper] is a small, greenish or red forest bird with a straight, short to medium length bill. Six subspecies are recognized, one from each of the forested islands. Actually or practically extinct on O’ahu, Moloka’i, and Lana’i; on Kaua’i, Maui, and Hawai’i, they have disappeared below ca. 3500 feet and are in various stages of long-term depopulation above that elevation. Loxops coccineus is a small, orangish or greenish forest bird with a short stout bill and distinctly notched tail. Four subspecies have been recognized since 1893 on Kaua’i, O’ahu, Maui, and Hawai’i. The races on O’ahu and Maui are actually or practically extinct, those on Kaua’i and Hawai’i cannot predictably be found below ca. 3500 feet, and the remaining subpopulations are in various stages of long-term depopulation above that elevation. The Po’o Uli [Melamprosops phaeosoma] has the most recent and shortest history of any Hawaiian bird. Casey and Jacobi (1974) described and gave this new genus and species its Latin and Hawaiian names. Exhaustive search of literature and field journals uncovered observational notes, collection records, reports, and related statements on relative abundance and geographical distribution from 1888 to 1978. All information is referenced, arranged in geographical and chronological order, and systematically reviewed. Subjects of data completeness, bias, erroneous and doubtful records are addressed. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Hawaii Volcanoes National Park; National Park Service Contract No. CX 8000 8 0012 en_US
dc.format Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture Plug-in. en_US
dc.language.iso en-US en_US
dc.publisher Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Avian History Report en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 8b & c en_US
dc.subject Loxops parvus en_US
dc.subject Anianiau en_US
dc.subject Lesser Amakihi en_US
dc.subject Loxops sagittirostris en_US
dc.subject Greater Amakihi en_US
dc.subject Loxops maculatus en_US
dc.subject Alauwahio en_US
dc.subject Hawaiian creeper en_US
dc.subject Loxops coccineus en_US
dc.subject Melamprosops phaeosoma en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Endemic birds -- Hawaii -- History. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Bird populations -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Forest birds -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Endangered species -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Rare birds -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Extinct birds -- Hawaii. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Akepa. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Loxops. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Po’ouli. en_US
dc.title History of endemic Hawaiian birds: Part I: population histories, species accounts: forest birds: 'Amakihi, Creeper, 'Akepa & Po'o Uli en_US
dc.type Report en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US

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  • The Avian History Reports [20]
    This collection presents the Avian History Reports (AHR), A Historical Synthesis of Recent Endemic Hawaiian Birds (1979-1990).

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