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History of endemic Hawaiian birds: Part I: species accounts: forest birds: 'Akialoa, Nukupu'u & 'Akiapōlā'au

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Title: History of endemic Hawaiian birds: Part I: species accounts: forest birds: 'Akialoa, Nukupu'u & 'Akiapōlā'au
Authors: Banko, Winston E.
Keywords: Hemignathus procerus
Hemignathus obscurus
Akialoa
Hemignathus lucidus
Nukupuu
show 2 moreHemignathus wilsoni
Akiapolaau

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LC Subject Headings: Endemic birds -- Hawaii -- History.
Bird populations -- Hawaii.
Extinct birds -- Hawaii.
Forest birds -- Hawaii.
Issue Date: Nov 1984
Publisher: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany
Citation: Banko WE. 1984. History of endemic Hawaiian birds: Part I: species accounts: forest birds: 'Akialoa, Nukupu'u & 'Akiapōlā'au. Honolulu (HI): Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Botany. CPSU/UH Avian History Report, 9.
Series/Report no.: Avian History Report
9
Abstract: Hemignathus procerus is a small, short-tailed, yellowish to olive-green forest bird with an extremely long decurved bill. It is endemic to the island of Kaua'i. The Kaua'i 'Akialoa is presumably extinct.

Hemignathus obscurus ellisianus is a small, short-tailed, mostly olive-green forest bird with a conspicuous superciliary line and a very long decurved brown bill. It is endemic to the island of O’ahu. The O’ahu ‘Akialoa is presumably extinct.

Hemignathus obscurus lanaiensis is a small, short-tailed, yellowish or olive-green forest bird with no distinct superciliary line and a very long decurved black bill. It is endemic to the island of Lana’i. The Lana’I ‘Akialoa is presumably extinct.

Hemignathus obscurus obscurus is a small. Short-tailed, mostly olive-green forest bird without a superciliary stripe, possessing a long decurved bill. It is endemic to the island of Hawai’i. The Hawai’i ‘Akialoa is presumably extinct.

Hemignathus lucidus hanapepe is a small, short-tailed, yellow-headed forest bird with a strongly decurved bill. It is endemic to the island of Kaua’i. The Kaua’i Nukupu’u is presumably extinct.

Hemignathus lucidus lucidus is a small, short-tailed forest bird with a green head and distinct superciliary stripe. It is endemic to the island of O’ahu. The O’ahu Nukupu’u is presumably extinct.

Hemignathus lucidus affinus is a small, short-tailed forest bird with a yellow head. It is endemic to the island of Maui. The Maui Nukupu’u is practically extinct.

Hemignathus wilsoni [‘Akiapola’au] is a small, short-tailed, mostly olive-green forest bird with a strongly decurved black bill and having a straight lower mandible. It is endemic to the island of Hawai’i.

Exhaustive search of literature and field journals uncovered observational notes, collection records, reports, and related statements on relative abundance and geographical distribution from 1888 to 1977. All records are serially numbered, arranged in geographical and chronological order, referenced, and systematically analyzed.
Description: Reports were scanned in black and white at a resolution of 600 dots per inch and were converted to text using Adobe Paper Capture
Plug-in.
Sponsor: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park; National Park Service Contract No. CX 8000 8 0012
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/355
Appears in Collections:The Avian History Reports



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