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Title: The Papua conflict : Jakarta's perceptions and policies 
Author: Chauvel, Richard; Bhakti, Ikrar Nusa
Date: 2004
Publisher: Washington, D.C.: East-West Center Washington
Abstract: "Without Irian Jaya [Papua], Indonesia is not complete to become the national territory of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia." In recalling this statement of President Sukarno, her father, Megawati Sukarnoputri gave voice to the essence of the nationalists' conception of Papua's place in Indonesia and its importance. Indonesia today confronts renewed Papuan demands for independence nearly three decades after Jakarta thought it had liberated the Papuans from the yoke of Dutch colonialism. Indonesia's sovereignty in Papua has been contested for much of the period since Indonesia proclaimed its independence challenged initially by the Netherlands and since 1961 by various groups within Papuan society. This study argues that even though Indonesia has been able to sustain its authority in Papua since its diplomatic victory over the Netherlands in 1962, this authority is fragile. The fragility of Jakarta's authority and the lack of Papuan consent for Indonesian rule are both the cart and the horse of the reliance on force to sustain central control. After examining the policies of special autonomy and the partition of Papua into three provinces, the authors pose the question: If Jakarta is determined to keep Papua part of the Indonesia nation based on the consent of the Papuan people what changes in the governance of Papua are necessary to bring this about?
Series/Report No.: East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy studies ; 5
Description: For more about the East-West Center, see
Pages/Duration: x, [82] pages
LC Subject Headings: Central-local government relations - Indonesia - Papua
Indonesia - Politics and government - 1966-
Papua (Indonesia) - Politics and government
Nationalism - Indonesia - Papua

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  • East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy Studies [61]
    Policy Studies presents scholarly analysis of key contemporary domestic and international political, economic, and strategic issues affecting Asia in a policy relevant manner. Written for the policy community, academics, journalists, and the informed public, the peer-reviewed publications in this series provide new policy insights and perspectives based on extensive fieldwork and rigorous scholarship.


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